The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes 2018-2017

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Publication date: January 2018 |497 Pages, 182 tables, 75 figures | Table of contents

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been attracted huge attention over the past two decades, based on their extraordinary physical and chemical properties that are a result of their intrinsic nano-sized one-dimensional nature. Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine. Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices.

Report contents:

  • Global production capacities for MWNTS and SWNTs.
  • Global production volumes, historical and estimated to 2027.
  • Current and future products.
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by target markets.
  • In-depth market assessment of opportunities for carbon nanotubes including potential revenues, pricing, most likely applications and market challenges.
  • Market analysis-Carbon nanotubes in:
    • 3D printing.
    • Adhesives.
    • Aerospace and aviation.
    • Automotive.
    • Coatings.
    • Composites.
    • Electronics (Flexible electronics, conductive films and displays; conductive inks; transistors, integrated circuites; memory devices; photonics)
    • Energy storage, conversion and exploration (Batteries, supercapacitors, photovoltaics, fuel cells and hydrogen storage)
    • Filtration and separation.
    • Life sciences and medical.
    • Lubricants.
    • Oil and gas.
    • Rubber and tires.
    • Sensors.
    • Smart textiles and apparel.
  • Precise analysis of opportunities by applications.
  • In-depth company profiles of over 200 companies, including products, capacities, industry collaborations, customers and commercial activities.
  • Predictions for key growth areas and opportunities.
The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes
The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes
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The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes
The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes
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The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes
The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1       RESEARCH METHODOLOGY………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29

  • 1.1    Carbon nanotubes market rating system………………………………………………………………………… 29
  • 1.2    Commercial impact rating system…………………………………………………………………………………… 31
  • 1.3    Market challenges impact rating system………………………………………………………………………… 33

2       EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36

  • 2.1    Exceptional properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
  • 2.2    Products and applications………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
  • 2.3    Competition from graphene……………………………………………………………………………………………. 45
  • 2.4    Production………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
    • 2.4.1     Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production…………………………………………………………….. 47
    • 2.4.2     Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production…………………………………………………………… 48
  • 2.5    Global demand for carbon nanotubes…………………………………………………………………………….. 51
    • 2.5.1     Current products…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 52
    • 2.5.2     Future products………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 53
  • 2.6    Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 53
    • 2.6.1     Electronics……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 53
    • 2.6.1.1       EMI/RFI shielding…………………………………………………………………………………………… 53
    • 2.6.1.2       Transparent conductive filmS………………………………………………………………………… 53
    • 2.6.1.3       Silicon replacement……………………………………………………………………………………….. 54
    • 2.6.2     Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries………………………………………………………………. 54
  • 2.7    Market and production challenges………………………………………………………………………………….. 55
    • 2.7.1     Safety issues………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 55
    • 2.7.2     Dispersion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 56
    • 2.7.3     Synthesis and supply quality………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
    • 2.7.4     Cost……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
    • 2.7.5     Competition from other materials…………………………………………………………………………… 57

3       INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 59

  • 3.1    Properties of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………………. 59
  • 3.2    Categorization………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 60
  • 3.3    CARBON NANOTUBES…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 61
    • 3.3.1     Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT)……………………………………………………………………………. 63
      • 3.3.1.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 63
      • 3.3.1.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 63
    • 3.3.2     Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)………………………………………………………………….. 64
      • 3.3.2.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 65
      • 3.3.2.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 65
      • 3.3.2.3       Single-chirality……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
    • 3.3.3     Comparison between MWNTs and SWNTs…………………………………………………………… 69
    • 3.3.4     Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)…………………………………………………………… 69
      • 3.3.4.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
      • 3.3.4.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
    • 3.3.5     Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)………………………………………………………………… 70
      • 3.3.5.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
      • 3.3.5.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
    • 3.3.6     Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)……………………………………………………………………………………. 71
      • 3.3.6.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
      • 3.3.6.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
    • 3.3.7     Carbon Onions……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 72
      • 3.3.7.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 72
      • 3.3.7.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
    • 3.3.8     Fullerenes………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
      • 3.3.8.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
      • 3.3.8.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 74
    • 3.3.9     Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)………………………………………………………………………….. 75
      • 3.3.9.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 75
      • 3.3.9.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76
  • 3.4    Applications of carbon nanotubes…………………………………………………………………………………… 76

4       COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS WITH GRAPHENE……………………………………………………………….. 78

  • 4.1    Comparative properties………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79
  • 4.2    Cost and production……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 80
  • 4.3    Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids……………………………………………………………………………….. 81

5       CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS………………………………………………………………………………….. 82

  • 5.1    Arc discharge synthesis………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 83
  • 5.2    Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)…………………………………………………………………………………. 84
  • 5.3    Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)…………………………………………………. 85
  • 5.4    High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis…………………………………………………………………….. 86
    • 5.4.1     High Pressure CO (HiPco)……………………………………………………………………………………… 86
    • 5.4.2     CoMoCAT………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 86
  • 5.5    Flame synthesis……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 87
  • 5.6    Laser ablation synthesis…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 88
  • 5.7    Silane solution method…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 89

6       CARBON NANOTUBES MARKET STRUCTURE……………………………………………………………… 90

7       REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS………………………………………………………………………………….. 92

  • 7.1    Europe……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 92
    • 7.1.1     REACH…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 92
    • 7.1.2     Biocidal Products Regulation…………………………………………………………………………………. 93
    • 7.1.3     National nanomaterials registers……………………………………………………………………………. 93
    • 7.1.4     Cosmetics regulation……………………………………………………………………………………………… 94
    • 7.1.5     Food safety…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 95
  • 7.2    United States………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 96
    • 7.2.1     Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)……………………………………………………………………. 96
  • 7.3    Asia………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 97
    • 7.3.1     Japan……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 97
    • 7.3.2     South Korea…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 97
    • 7.3.3     Taiwan……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 97
    • 7.3.4     Australia…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 98

8       CARBON NANOTUBES PATENTS…………………………………………………………………………………… 99

9       CARBON NANOTUBES TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL………………………………………. 102

10     CARBON NANOTUBES END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS…………………………. 104

  • 10.1      Production volumes in metric tons, 2010-2027………………………………………………………… 104
  • 10.2      Carbon nanotube producer production capacities……………………………………………………. 109
  • 10.3      Regional demand for carbon nanotubes………………………………………………………………….. 111
    • 10.3.1        Japan……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 112
    • 10.3.2        China……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 113
  • 10.4      Main carbon nanotubes producers…………………………………………………………………………… 113
    • 10.4.1        SWNT production…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 114
  • 10.5      Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs……………………………………….. 115
    • 10.5.1        MWNTs……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 116
    • 10.5.2        SWNTs…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 116
  • 10.6      APPLICATIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 117

11     CARBON NANOTUBES INDUSTRY NEWS 2013-2017…………………………………………………. 119

 

12     END USER MARKET ANALYSIS FOR CARBON NANOTUBES…………………………………… 135

  • 12.1      3D PRINTING…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 135
    • 12.1.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 135
    • 12.1.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 136
    • 12.1.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 137
    • 12.1.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 138
    • 12.1.5        PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 138
  • 12.2      ADHESIVES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 139
    • 12.2.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 139
    • 12.2.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 140
    • 12.2.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 141
    • 12.2.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 143
    • 12.2.5        PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 144
  • 12.3      AEROSPACE AND AVIATION…………………………………………………………………………………. 144
    • 12.3.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 144
    • 12.3.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 146
      • 12.3.2.1     Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 148
      • 12.3.2.2     Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 150
    • 12.3.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 155
    • 12.3.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 158
    • 12.3.5        PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 159
  • 12.4      AUTOMOTIVE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 161
    • 12.4.1        MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………. 162
    • 12.4.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 164
      • 12.4.2.1     Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 164
      • 12.4.2.2     Thermally conductive additives……………………………………………………………………. 165
      • 12.4.2.3     Tires…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 165
      • 12.4.2.4     Heat dissipation in electric vehicles……………………………………………………………… 165
    • 12.4.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 167
    • 12.4.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 170
    • 12.4.5        PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 171
  • 12.5      COATINGS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 173
    • 12.5.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 173
    • 12.5.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 176
    • 12.5.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 183
      • 12.5.3.1     Thermal barrier coatings……………………………………………………………………………… 186
      • 12.5.3.2     Barrier coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………. 187
      • 12.5.3.3     Anti-microbial coatings…………………………………………………………………………………. 187
      • 12.5.3.4     De-icing or anti-icing coatings……………………………………………………………………… 187
      • 12.5.3.5     Abrasion and wear resistant coatings………………………………………………………….. 187
      • 12.5.3.6     Anti-corrosion coatings………………………………………………………………………………… 187
    • 12.5.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 189
      • 12.5.4.1     Dispersion……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 189
      • 12.5.4.2     Production, scalability and cost……………………………………………………………………. 189
    • 12.5.5        PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 190
  • 12.6      COMPOSITES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 191
    • 12.6.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 191
    • 12.6.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 193
      • 12.6.2.1     Polymer composites…………………………………………………………………………………….. 193
      • 12.6.2.2     Barrier packaging………………………………………………………………………………………… 198
      • 12.6.2.3     Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding                   198
      • 12.6.2.4     Wind turbines………………………………………………………………………………………………. 198
      • 12.6.2.5     Ballistic protection………………………………………………………………………………………… 199
    • 12.6.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 199
    • 12.6.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 203
    • 12.6.5        PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 203
  • 12.7      ELECTRONICS……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 206
    • 12.7.1        FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS………………. 208
      • 12.7.1.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 208
      • 12.7.1.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 210
      • 12.7.1.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 221
      • 12.7.1.4     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 226
      • 12.7.1.5     PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………….. 228
    • 12.7.2        CONDUCTIVE INKS………………………………………………………………………………………… 231
      • 12.7.2.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 231
      • 12.7.2.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 232
      • 12.7.2.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 239
      • 12.7.2.4     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 243
      • 12.7.2.5     PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………….. 244
    • 12.7.3        TRANSISTORS, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND OTHER COMPONENTS…….. 245
      • 12.7.3.1     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 246
      • 12.7.3.2     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 250
      • 12.7.3.3     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 253
      • 12.7.3.4     PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………….. 254
    • 12.7.4        MEMORY DEVICES………………………………………………………………………………………… 255
      • 12.7.4.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 255
      • 12.7.4.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 256
      • 12.7.4.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 258
      • 12.7.4.4     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 260
      • 12.7.4.5     PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………….. 261
    • 12.7.5        PHOTONICS……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 264
      • 12.7.5.1     MARKET DRIVERS…………………………………………………………………………………….. 264
      • 12.7.5.2     APPLICATIONS AND BENEFITS OF SWNTs…………………………………………….. 265
      • 12.7.5.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 265
      • 12.7.5.4     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 266
  • 12.8      ENERGY STORAGE AND CONVERSION………………………………………………………………. 267
    • 12.8.1        BATTERIES…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 267
      • 12.8.1.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 267
      • 12.8.1.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 271
      • 12.8.1.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 274
      • 12.8.1.4     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 277
    • 12.8.2        SUPERCAPACITORS……………………………………………………………………………………… 278
      • 12.8.2.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 278
      • 12.8.2.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 279
      • 12.8.2.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 280
      • 12.8.2.4     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 282
    • 12.8.3        PHOTOVOLTAICS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 283
      • 12.8.3.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 283
      • 12.8.3.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 285
      • 12.8.3.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 287
      • 12.8.3.4     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 289
    • 12.8.4        FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE…………………………………………………… 290
      • 12.8.4.1     MARKET DRIVERS…………………………………………………………………………………….. 290
      • 12.8.4.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 292
      • 12.8.4.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 293
      • 12.8.4.4     MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 294
      • 12.8.5        PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 295
  • 12.9      FILTRATION AND SEPARATION……………………………………………………………………………. 298
    • 12.9.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 298
    • 12.9.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 299
    • 12.9.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 303
    • 12.9.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 305
    • 12.9.5        PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 306
  • 12.10    LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICAL…………………………………………………………………………….. 307
    • 12.10.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 308
    • 12.10.2      APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 310
    • 12.10.3      MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 313
    • 12.10.4      MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 316
    • 12.10.5      PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 318
  • 12.11    LUBRICANTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 320
    • 12.11.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 320
    • 12.11.2      APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 321
    • 12.11.3      MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 322
    • 12.11.4      MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 324
    • 12.11.5      PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 324
  • 12.12    OIL AND GAS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 325
    • 12.12.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 325
    • 12.12.2      APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 326
      • 12.12.2.1       Sensing and reservoir management………………………………………………………… 326
      • 12.12.2.2       Coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 327
      • 12.12.2.3       Drilling fluids…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 327
      • 12.12.2.4       Sorbent materials…………………………………………………………………………………….. 327
    • 12.12.3      MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 327
    • 12.12.4      MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 330
  • 12.13    RUBBER AND TIRES………………………………………………………………………………………………. 330
    • 12.13.1      APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 330
    • 12.13.2      GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………. 331
    • 12.13.3      MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 332
    • 12.13.4      PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 333
  • 12.14    SENSORS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 334
    • 12.14.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 334
    • 12.14.2      APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 335
    • 12.14.3      MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 337
    • 12.14.4      MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 339
    • 12.14.5      PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 340
  • 12.15    SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL…………………………………………………………………………. 342
    • 12.15.1      MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 342
    • 12.15.2      APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 345
    • 12.15.3      MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 349
    • 12.15.4      MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 353
    • 12.15.5      PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………………………………………………. 355

13     CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………. 356-481 (203 company profiles)

14     REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 482

TABLES

  • Table 1: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
  • Table 2: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials……………………………………………………………… 38
  • Table 3: Market opportunity assessment for SWNTs in order of opportunity from high to low……. 40
  • Table 4: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 46
  • Table 5: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers 2017…………………………………………………. 47
  • Table 6: SWNT producers production capacities 2017……………………………………………………………….. 49
  • Table 7: Production volumes of MWNTs (tons), 2010-2027……………………………………………………….. 51
  • Table 8: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
  • Table 9: Categorization of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………. 60
  • Table 10: Properties of carbon nanotubes………………………………………………………………………………….. 61
  • Table 11: Applications of multi-walled carbon nanotubes…………………………………………………………… 64
  • Table 12: Markets, benefits and applications of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes……………………. 66
  • Table 13: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes and multi-walled carbon nanotubes…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 69
  • Table 14: Markets, benefits and applications of fullerenes…………………………………………………………. 74
  • Table 15: Applications of carbon nanotubes……………………………………………………………………………….. 76
  • Table 16: Comparative properties of carbon materials……………………………………………………………….. 79
  • Table 17: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes……………… 81
  • Table 18: SWNT synthesis methods…………………………………………………………………………………………… 83
  • Table 19: Carbon nanotubes market structure……………………………………………………………………………. 90
  • Table 20: National nanomaterials registries in Europe……………………………………………………………….. 93
  • Table 21: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia……………………………………………………………… 98
  • Table 22: Top ten countries based on number of nanotechnology patents in USPTO 2014-2015. 100
  • Table 23: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2027……………………………………. 105
  • Table 24: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers………………………………………………………. 110
  • Table 25: SWNT producer’s production capacities 2016………………………………………………………….. 111
  • Table 26: Example carbon nanotubes prices……………………………………………………………………………. 116
  • Table 27: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes…………………………………………. 117
  • Table 28: Market drivers for use of CNTs in 3D printing…………………………………………………………… 135
  • Table 29: Applications and benefits of CNTs in 3D printing………………………………………………………. 136
  • Table 30: Market size for CNTs in 3D printing………………………………………………………………………….. 137
  • Table 31: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in 3D printing…………………………………………… 137
  • Table 32: Market challenges for CNTs in 3D printing……………………………………………………………….. 138
  • Table 33: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the 3D printing market……………………………………. 138
  • Table 34: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry…… 138
  • Table 35: Market drivers for use of carbon nanotubes in adhesives…………………………………………. 139
  • Table 36: Applications and benefits of carbon nanotubes in adhesives……………………………………. 141
  • Table 37: Market size for carbon nanotubes in adhesives………………………………………………………… 141
  • Table 38: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in adhesives……………………………………………. 142
  • Table 39: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the adhesives market…………………………………….. 143
  • Table 40: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry……. 144
  • Table 41: Market drivers for use of CNTs in aerospace……………………………………………………………. 144
  • Table 42: Applications and benefits of CNTs in aerospace………………………………………………………. 146
  • Table 43: Applications in aerospace composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…. 149
  • Table 44: Types of nanocoatings utilized in aerospace and application……………………………………. 151
  • Table 45: Market size for CNTs in aerospace…………………………………………………………………………… 155
  • Table 46: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in aerospace……………………………………………. 156
  • Table 47: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the aerospace market…………………………………….. 158
  • Table 48: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry…… 159
  • Table 49: Market drivers for use of CNTs in automotive…………………………………………………………… 162
  • Table 50: Applications and benefits of CNTs in automotive……………………………………………………… 166
  • Table 51: Market size for CNTs in automotive………………………………………………………………………….. 167
  • Table 52: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in automotive…………………………………………… 168
  • Table 53: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in the automotive market…. 170
  • Table 54: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the automotive market……………………………………. 171
  • Table 55: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive industry….. 171
  • Table 56: Markets for nanocoatings………………………………………………………………………………………….. 184
  • Table 57: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 188
  • Table 58: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the coatings market……………………………………….. 189
  • Table 59: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry………. 190
  • Table 60: Market drivers for use of CNTs in composites………………………………………………………….. 191
  • Table 61: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials……………………….. 194
  • Table 62: Applications and benefits of SWNTs in composites………………………………………………….. 194
  • Table 63: Market size for CNTs in composites…………………………………………………………………………. 199
  • Table 64: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in composites………………………………………….. 200
  • Table 65: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in composites………………….. 203
  • Table 66: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the composites market…………………………………… 203
  • Table 67: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites industry….. 204
  • Table 68: Market drivers for use of CNTs in flexible electronics and conductive films………………. 208
  • Table 69: Applications and benefits of CNTs in flexible electronics and conductive films…………. 211
  • Table 70: Comparison of ITO replacements……………………………………………………………………………… 214
  • Table 71: Wearable electronics devices and stage of development…………………………………………. 216
  • Table 72: Market size for CNTs in flexible electronics and conductive films……………………………… 221
  • Table 73: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in flexible electronics and conductive films. 222
  • Table 74: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $………….. 225
  • Table 75: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in flexible electronics and conductive films………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 226
  • Table 76: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the flexible electronics and conductive films market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 227
  • Table 77: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 228
  • Table 78: Market drivers for use of CNTs in conductive inks……………………………………………………. 231
  • Table 79: Comparative properties of conductive inks……………………………………………………………….. 233
  • Table 80: Opportunities for advanced materials in printed electronics……………………………………… 235
  • Table 81: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 237
  • Table 82: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in conductive inks……………………………………. 240
  • Table 83: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types………………………………………………………………………………………….. 243
  • Table 84: Market challenges for CNTs in conductive inks………………………………………………………… 243
  • Table 85: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the conductive inks market…………………………….. 244
  • Table 86: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks……………….. 244
  • Table 87: Market drivers for use of CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 245
  • Table 88: Applications and benefits of CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 248
  • Table 89: Market size for CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components…………. 250
  • Table 90: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 251
  • Table 91: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market………………………………………………………………………………… 253
  • Table 92: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 254
  • Table 93: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transistors, integrated circuits and other components………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 254
  • Table 94: Market drivers for use of CNTs in memory devices…………………………………………………… 255
  • Table 95: Applications and benefits of CNTs in memory devices……………………………………………… 258
  • Table 96: Market size for CNTs in memory devices………………………………………………………………….. 258
  • Table 97: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in memory devices………………………………….. 259
  • Table 98: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the memory devices market…………………………… 260
  • Table 99: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices……………… 264
  • Table 100: Market drivers for use of CNTs in photonics…………………………………………………………… 264
  • Table 101: Applications and benefits of CNTs in photonics………………………………………………………. 265
  • Table 102: Market size for CNTs in photonics………………………………………………………………………….. 265
  • Table 103: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the photonics market……………………………………. 266
  • Table 104: Market drivers for use of CNTs in batteries…………………………………………………………….. 268
  • Table 105: Applications and benefits of CNTs in batteries……………………………………………………….. 271
  • Table 106: Market size for CNTs in batteries……………………………………………………………………………. 274
  • Table 107: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries………………… 275
  • Table 108: Market challenges in CNT batteries………………………………………………………………………… 277
  • Table 109: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the batteries market……………………………………… 277
  • Table 110: Market drivers for use of CNTs in supercapacitors…………………………………………………. 278
  • Table 111: Applications and benefits of CNTs in supercapacitors……………………………………………. 279
  • Table 112: Properties of carbon materials in high-performance supercapacitors……………………… 280
  • Table 113: Market size for CNTs in supercapacitors………………………………………………………………… 281
  • Table 114: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in supercapacitors…………………………………. 282
  • Table 115: Market challenges in supercapacitors…………………………………………………………………….. 282
  • Table 116: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the supercapacitors market………………………….. 283
  • Table 117: Market drivers for use of CNTs in photovoltaics……………………………………………………… 283
  • Table 118: Applications and benefits of CNTs in photovoltaics………………………………………………… 286
  • Table 119: Market size for CNTs in photovoltaics…………………………………………………………………….. 287
  • Table 120: Market size for CNTs in photovoltaics…………………………………………………………………….. 288
  • Table 121: Potential addressable market for CNTs in photovoltaics…………………………………………. 288
  • Table 122: Market challenges for CNTs in solar……………………………………………………………………….. 289
  • Table 123: Market challenges rating for C NTs in the solar market………………………………………….. 289
  • Table 124: Market drivers for use of CNTs in fuel cells and hydrogen storage…………………………. 290
  • Table 125: Applications and benefits of CNTs in fuel cells and hydrogen storage……………………. 292
  • Table 126: Electrical conductivity of different catalyst supports compared to carbon nanotubes. 292
  • Table 127: Market size for CNTs in fuel cells and hydrogen storage………………………………………… 293
  • Table 128: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in fuel cells and hydrogen storage………… 294
  • Table 129: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market…. 294
  • Table 130: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy storage, conversion and exploration industries…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 295
  • Table 131: Market drivers for use of CNTs in filtration……………………………………………………………… 298
  • Table 132: Comparison of CNT membranes with other membrane technologies…………………….. 301
  • Table 133: Applications and benefits of CNTs in filtration and separation………………………………… 302
  • Table 134: Market size for CNTs in filtration…………………………………………………………………………….. 303
  • Table 135: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in filtration……………………………………………… 304
  • Table 136: Market challenges for CNTs in filtration………………………………………………………………….. 305
  • Table 137: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the filtration market………………………………………. 305
  • Table 138: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry……… 306
  • Table 139: Market drivers for use of CNTs in the life sciences and medical market…………………. 308
  • Table 140: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine……………………………………………………………………. 310
  • Table 141: Applications and benefits of CNTs in life sciences and medical……………………………… 311
  • Table 142: Market size for CNTs in life sciences and medical………………………………………………….. 313
  • Table 143: Potential addressable market for smart textiles and wearables in medical and healthcare…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 315
  • Table 144: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in life sciences and medical…………………… 315
  • Table 145: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in life sciences and medical…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 316
  • Table 146: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the life sciences and medical……………………….. 318
  • Table 147: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 318
  • Table 148: Market drivers for use of CNTs in lubricants…………………………………………………………… 320
  • Table 149: Applications of carbon nanotubes in lubricants……………………………………………………….. 321
  • Table 150: Applications in lubricants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………… 322
  • Table 151: Market size for CNTs in lubricants………………………………………………………………………….. 322
  • Table 152: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in lubricants…………………………………………… 323
  • Table 153: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the lubricants market……………………………………. 324
  • Table 154: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry…… 324
  • Table 155: Market drivers for graphene in oil and gas……………………………………………………………… 325
  • Table 156: Market summary and revenues for CNTs in the oil and gas market……………………….. 328
  • Table 157: Investment opportunity assessment for CNTs in the oil and gas market………………… 329
  • Table 158: Market challenges rating for carbon nanotubes in the oil and gas exploration market. 330
  • Table 160: Applications of CNTs in rubber and tires…………………………………………………………………. 330
  • Table 161: Market summary and revenues for CNTs in the rubber and tires market………………… 331
  • Table 162: Investment opportunity assessment for CNTs in the rubber and tires market…………. 332
  • Table 163: Market challenges for CNTs in rubber and tires……………………………………………………… 332
  • Table 164: Companies developing graphene-based products in rubber and tires……………………. 333
  • Table 165: Market drivers for use of CNTs in sensors……………………………………………………………… 334
  • Table 166: Applications and benefits of CNTs in sensors…………………………………………………………. 335
  • Table 167: Market size for CNTs in sensors…………………………………………………………………………….. 337
  • Table 168: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in sensors……………………………………………… 338
  • Table 169: Market challenges for CNTs in sensors………………………………………………………………….. 339
  • Table 170: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the sensors market………………………………………. 340
  • Table 171: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry……… 340
  • Table 172: Types of smart textiles……………………………………………………………………………………………. 342
  • Table 173: Smart textile products……………………………………………………………………………………………… 343
  • Table 174: Market drivers for use of CNTs in smart textiles and apparel………………………………….. 343
  • Table 175: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 345
  • Table 176: Applications and benefits of CNTs in textiles and apparel………………………………………. 347
  • Table 177: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market…………………………………. 350
  • Table 178: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in smart textiles and apparel…………………. 353
  • Table 179: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in smart textiles and apparel…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 353
  • Table 180: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the smart textiles and apparel market………….. 354
  • Table 181: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry………. 355
  • Table 182: CNT producers and companies they supply/licence to…………………………………………… 356

 

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT………………………………………………………………….. 38
  • Figure 2: The SGCNT synthesis method……………………………………………………………………………………. 49
  • Figure 3: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2017…………………………………………. 50
  • Figure 4: Global demand for MWNTs (tons), 2010-2027……………………………………………………………. 52
  • Figure 5: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube………………………………………………………………. 65
  • Figure 6: TIM sheet developed by Zeon Corporation………………………………………………………………….. 66
  • Figure 7: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model……………. 70
  • Figure 8: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns………………………………………………………….. 71
  • Figure 9: TEM image of carbon onion…………………………………………………………………………………………. 72
  • Figure 10: Fullerene schematic…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74
  • Figure 11: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 75
  • Figure 12: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
  • Figure 13: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames……………. 82
  • Figure 14: Arc discharge process for CNTs………………………………………………………………………………… 84
  • Figure 15: Schematic of thermal-CVD method……………………………………………………………………………. 85
  • Figure 16: Schematic of plasma-CVD method……………………………………………………………………………. 86
  • Figure 17: CoMoCAT® process………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 87
  • Figure 18: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame……………………………………. 88
  • Figure 19: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis………………………………………………………………………… 89
  • Figure 20: Nanotechnology patent applications, 1991-2015……………………………………………………….. 99
  • Figure 21: Share of nanotechnology related patent applications since 1972, by country………….. 100
  • Figure 22: CNT patents filed 2000-2014…………………………………………………………………………………… 101
  • Figure 23: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes…………………………………….. 103
  • Figure 24: Global demand for carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2027………………………………………… 106
  • Figure 25: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market in 2017, total…………………………………………. 107
  • Figure 26: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market, 2017……………………………….. 108
  • Figure 27: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market, 2027……………………………….. 109
  • Figure 28: Production volumes of Carbon Nanotubes 2017, by region…………………………………….. 111
  • Figure 29: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament……………………………….. 136
  • Figure 30: Potential addressable market for CNTs in adhesives, USD…………………………………….. 143
  • Figure 31: Carbon nanotube Composite Overwrap Pressure Vessel (COPV) developed by NASA…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 148
  • Figure 32: Veelo carbon fiber nanotube sheet………………………………………………………………………….. 149
  • Figure 33: HeatCoat CNT anti-icing coatings……………………………………………………………………………. 153
  • Figure 34: Potential addressable market for CNTs in aerospace……………………………………………… 157
  • Figure 35: Potential addressable market for CNTs in aerospace, USD…………………………………….. 158
  • Figure 36: Schematic of CNTs as heat-dissipation sheets……………………………………………………….. 166
  • Figure 37: Potential addressable market for CNTs in the automotive sector…………………………….. 169
  • Figure 38: Potential addressable market for CNTs in automotive, USD……………………………………. 170
  • Figure 39: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market……………………………….. 183
  • Figure 40: Potential addressable market for CNTs in the coatings market……………………………….. 188
  • Figure 41: CNT anti-icing coating for wind turbines………………………………………………………………….. 199
  • Figure 42: Potential addressable market for CNTs in composites…………………………………………….. 201
  • Figure 43: Potential addressable market for CNTs in composites, USD…………………………………… 202
  • Figure 44: Carbon nanotube thin-film transistors and integrated circuits on a flexible and transparent substrate………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 210
  • Figure 45: 3D printed carbon nanotube sensor………………………………………………………………………… 213
  • Figure 46: Carbon nanotube-based color active matrix electrophoretic display (EPD) e-paper… 215
  • Figure 47: Covestro wearables…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 217
  • Figure 48: Softceptor sensor…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 219
  • Figure 49: BeBop Media Arm Controller…………………………………………………………………………………… 219
  • Figure 50: LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensor………………………………………………………………. 220
  • Figure 51: C2Sense flexible sensor………………………………………………………………………………………….. 221
  • Figure 52: Potential addressable market for CNTs in flexible electronics, conductive films and displays………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 224
  • Figure 53: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $…………. 225
  • Figure 54: Global transparent conductive electrodes market forecast by materials type, 2012-2027, millions $…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 226
  • Figure 55: Nanotube inks………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 233
  • Figure 56: Flexible RFID tag…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 235
  • Figure 57: Enfucell Printed Battery…………………………………………………………………………………………… 239
  • Figure 58: Potential addressable market for SWNTs in conductive inks, USD…………………………. 241
  • Figure 59: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types………………………………………………………………………………………….. 242
  • Figure 60: Emerging logic devices……………………………………………………………………………………………. 247
  • Figure 61: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs……………………………………………………………………. 248
  • Figure 62: Potential addressable market for CNTs in transistors and integrated circuits………….. 252
  • Figure 63: Potential addressable market for CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, USD………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 252
  • Figure 64: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip………………………………………………………………………………… 257
  • Figure 65: Stretchable SWCNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics……………….. 257
  • Figure 66: Schematic of NRAM cell………………………………………………………………………………………….. 263
  • Figure 67: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries………………………………. 271
  • Figure 68: Nano Lithium X Battery……………………………………………………………………………………………. 273
  • Figure 69: Potential addressable market for CNTs in batteries, USD……………………………………….. 277
  • Figure 70: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module………………………………………………………………….. 285
  • Figure 71: Potential addressable market for CNTs in sensors, USD………………………………………… 339
  • Figure 72: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market 2013-2027 revenue forecast (million $)………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 350
  • Figure 73 Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel sales by market segment, 2016. 351
  • Figure 74: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………… 352
  • Figure 75: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, optimistic estimate……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 352