The Global Market for Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials 2010-2018, 5th Edition

0

Nanotechnology and nanomaterials are key enablers for a whole new generation of products and processes. New products with enhanced properties are coming onto the market from a broad range of players in consumer electronics, packaging, composites, biomedicine, healthcare and coatings.

The Global Market for Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials 2010-2028, 5th edition is the most comprehensive assessment of the opportunities afforded by these remarkable materials and technologies. The report offers full market forecasts for nanomaterials and industrial sectors impacted by nanotechnology. This edition includes:

  • New sections covering nanotechnology in flexible and stretchable electronics, smart materials and self-healing coatings and materials.
  • New listings of nanotechnology/nanomaterials of commercial products are also included.
  • Expanded sections on graphene, nanocellulose and single-walled carbon nanotubes.
  • Profiles of equipment and deposition companies.
  • References guides by materials and companies.

The report offers:

  • In-depth analysis of the global market for nanotechnology and nanomaterials, applications, producers, product developers and products.
  • Product database by market.
  • Assessment of nanomaterials market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.
  • Examples of successful markets and products.
  • Historical date on nanomaterials production in tons.
  • Ten year forecasts to 2028 on nanomaterials demand in tons.
  • Revenues for nanotechnology applications by end user market.
  • Analysis of global trends, including historical data from 2010, and projections to 2028.
  • Exploration of nanomaterials and nanotech-enabled products market structures and value chains.
  • Collaborations in nanotechnology enabled product development.
  • Assessment of end user markets for nanotechnology and nanomaterials including market drivers and trends, applications, market opportunity, market challenges and application and product developer profiles.
  • Unique assessment tools for the nanomaterials market, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real commercial opportunities in nanotechnology and nanomaterials are.
  • Main application and product opportunities in nanotechnology.
  • Profiles of over 1,000 nanomaterials producers and application developers.

Published: May 2018 | Pages: 1195 pages | 515 tables, 231 figures | Delivery: E-mail delivery from publisher (PDF) |  Table of contents

The Global Market for Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials 2010-2018, 5th Edition
The Global Market for Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials 2010-2018, 5th Edition
E-mail delivery from publisher (PDF).

To purchase by invoice (bank transfer or cheque) contact info@futuremarketsinc.com, or call Phone: +44 (0) 207 112 7500.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY………………………………………………… 66

  • 1.1    NANOMATERIALS MARKET RATING SYSTEM…………………………………………………………… 67
    • 1.1.1     Addressable market size………………………………………………………………………………………… 67
    • 1.1.2     Competitive landscape…………………………………………………………………………………………… 67
    • 1.1.3     IP landscape………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
    • 1.1.4     Commercial prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………. 68
  • 1.2    COMMERCIAL NANOTECHNOLOGY IMPACT RATING SYSTEM………………………………. 68
    • 1.2.1     Stage of commercialization…………………………………………………………………………………….. 69
    • 1.2.2     Economic impact……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 69
    • 1.2.3     Addressable market size………………………………………………………………………………………… 69
    • 1.2.4     Competitive landscape…………………………………………………………………………………………… 69
    • 1.2.5     IP landscape………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 69
    • 1.2.6     Commercial prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
    • 1.2.7     Technology drawbacks…………………………………………………………………………………………… 70
  • 1.3    MARKET CHALLENGES RATING SYSTEM…………………………………………………………………. 70
    • 1.3.1     Cost……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 71
    • 1.3.2     Competition from other materials…………………………………………………………………………… 71
    • 1.3.3     Scalability……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 71
    • 1.3.4     Industry pull……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
    • 1.3.5     Market push……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 72
    • 1.3.6     Regulation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 72
    • 1.3.7     Consumer acceptance……………………………………………………………………………………………. 72

2    INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………. 73

  • 2.1    Aims and objectives of the study……………………………………………………………………………………. 73
  • 2.2    Market definition…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 73
    • 2.2.1     Properties of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………. 74
  • 2.3    Categorization………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 75

3    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 76

4    NANOMATERIALS REGULATIONS………………………………………… 80

  • 4.1    Europe……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 81
    • 4.1.1     REACH…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
    • 4.1.2     Biocidal Products Regulation…………………………………………………………………………………. 81
    • 4.1.3     National nanomaterials registers……………………………………………………………………………. 82
    • 4.1.4     Cosmetics regulation……………………………………………………………………………………………… 83
    • 4.1.5     Food safety…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 83
    • 4.1.6     Nanomaterials regulations and rulings 2017-2018…………………………………………………. 84
  • 4.2    United States………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 85
    • 4.2.1     Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)……………………………………………………………………. 85
    • 4.2.2     Nanomaterials regulations and rulings 2017-2018…………………………………………………. 86
  • 4.3    Asia………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 87
    • 4.3.1     Japan……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 87
    • 4.3.2     South Korea…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 87
    • 4.3.3     Taiwan……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 88
    • 4.3.4     Australia…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 88
    • 4.3.5     Nanomaterials regulations and rulings 2017-2018…………………………………………………. 89

5    GLOBAL FUNDING AND POLICY…………………………………………… 89

  • 5.1    United States………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 89
    • 5.1.1     National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)……………………………………………………………….. 90
  • 5.2    Japan……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 90
  • 5.3    China……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 94
  • 5.4    South Korea……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 98
  • 5.5    Taiwan………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 100
  • 5.6    Germany………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 102
  • 5.7    European Union……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 103

6    PATENTING………………………………………………………………………… 105

7    THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOMATERIALS……………………. 107

  • 7.1    ALUMINIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………. 107
    • 7.1.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107
    • 7.1.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 107
    • 7.1.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 109
    • 7.1.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 109
    • 7.1.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 110
    • 7.1.6     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 113
    • 7.1.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 114
    • 7.1.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 116
    • 7.1.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 117
    • 7.1.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 117
  • 7.2    ANTIMONY TIN OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………… 122
    • 7.2.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 122
    • 7.2.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 122
    • 7.2.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 123
    • 7.2.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 123
    • 7.2.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 125
    • 7.2.6     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 126
    • 7.2.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 127
    • 7.2.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 128
    • 7.2.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 130
    • 7.2.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 130
  • 7.3    BISMUTH OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………….. 133
    • 7.3.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 133
    • 7.3.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 133
    • 7.3.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 134
    • 7.3.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 134
    • 7.3.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 135
    • 7.3.6     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 137
    • 7.3.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 138
    • 7.3.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 140
    • 7.3.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 141
    • 7.3.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 141
  • 7.4    CARBON NANOTUBES……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 144
    • 7.4.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 144
    • 7.4.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 144
    • 7.4.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 146
      • 7.4.3.1       Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNT)………………………………………………….. 148
    • 7.4.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 149
    • 7.4.5     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 151
    • 7.4.6     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 153
      • 7.4.6.1       MWNTs……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 154
      • 7.4.6.2       SWNTs………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 155
    • 7.4.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 156
      • 7.4.7.1       MWNTs……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 156
      • 7.4.7.2       SWNTs………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 157
    • 7.4.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 159
    • 7.4.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 161
    • 7.4.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 163
  • 7.5    CERIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………. 172
    • 7.5.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 172
    • 7.5.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 172
    • 7.5.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 173
    • 7.5.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 173
    • 7.5.5     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 175
    • 7.5.6     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 176
    • 7.5.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 177
    • 7.5.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 179
    • 7.5.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 180
    • 7.5.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 180
  • 7.6    COBALT OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………. 183
    • 7.6.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 183
    • 7.6.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 183
    • 7.6.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 184
    • 7.6.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 184
    • 7.6.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 185
    • 7.6.6     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 186
    • 7.6.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 187
    • 7.6.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 188
    • 7.6.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190
    • 7.6.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190
  • 7.7    COPPER OXIDE NANOPARTICLES…………………………………………………………………………… 192
    • 7.7.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 192
    • 7.7.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 192
    • 7.7.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 193
    • 7.7.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 194
    • 7.7.5     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 195
    • 7.7.6     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 197
    • 7.7.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 198
    • 7.7.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 200
    • 7.7.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 201
    • 7.7.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 202
  • 7.8    DENDRIMERS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 203
    • 7.8.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 203
    • 7.8.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 203
    • 7.8.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 205
      • 7.8.3.1       Types…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 205
    • 7.8.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 208
    • 7.8.5     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 209
    • 7.8.6     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 210
    • 7.8.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 212
    • 7.8.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 214
    • 7.8.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 215
    • 7.8.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 215
  • 7.9    FULLERENES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 217
    • 7.9.1     Market prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 217
    • 7.9.2     Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………………. 217
    • 7.9.3     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 218
    • 7.9.4     Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 218
    • 7.9.5     Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………….. 219
    • 7.9.6     Demand by market……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 220
    • 7.9.7     Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………. 222
    • 7.9.8     Demand by region………………………………………………………………………………………………… 224
    • 7.9.9     Prices…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 225
    • 7.9.10        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 226
  • 7.10      GOLD NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………………………………… 229
    • 7.10.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 229
    • 7.10.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 229
    • 7.10.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 230
    • 7.10.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 231
    • 7.10.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 232
    • 7.10.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 232
    • 7.10.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 234
    • 7.10.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 235
    • 7.10.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 237
    • 7.10.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 238
  • 7.11      GRAPHENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 240
    • 7.11.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 241
    • 7.11.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 241
    • 7.11.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 242
    • 7.11.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 244
    • 7.11.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 248
    • 7.11.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 250
    • 7.11.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 252
    • 7.11.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 254
    • 7.11.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 255
    • 7.11.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 256
  • 7.12      IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES…………………………………………………………………………….. 271
    • 7.12.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 271
    • 7.12.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 272
    • 7.12.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 273
    • 7.12.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 273
    • 7.12.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 275
    • 7.12.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 276
    • 7.12.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 278
    • 7.12.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 279
    • 7.12.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 281
    • 7.12.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 281
  • 7.13      MAGNESIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………… 284
    • 7.13.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 284
    • 7.13.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 285
    • 7.13.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 286
    • 7.13.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 286
    • 7.13.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 287
    • 7.13.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 288
    • 7.13.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 289
    • 7.13.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 292
    • 7.13.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 293
    • 7.13.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 293
  • 7.14      MANGANESE OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………….. 295
    • 7.14.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 295
    • 7.14.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 296
    • 7.14.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 296
    • 7.14.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 297
    • 7.14.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 297
    • 7.14.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 298
    • 7.14.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 300
    • 7.14.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 302
    • 7.14.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 302
    • 7.14.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 303
  • 7.15      NANOCELLULOSE………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 304
    • 7.15.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 304
    • 7.15.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 305
    • 7.15.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 306
      • 7.15.3.1     Cellulose nanofibers…………………………………………………………………………………….. 309
      • 7.15.3.2     Cellulose nanocrystals…………………………………………………………………………………. 309
    • 7.15.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 310
    • 7.15.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 313
    • 7.15.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 315
    • 7.15.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 316
    • 7.15.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 319
    • 7.15.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 321
    • 7.15.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 323
      • 7.15.10.1       Cellulose nanofibers………………………………………………………………………………… 323
      • 7.15.10.2       Cellulose nanocrystals…………………………………………………………………………….. 324
  • 7.16      NANOCLAYS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 330
    • 7.16.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 330
    • 7.16.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 331
    • 7.16.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 331
    • 7.16.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 334
    • 7.16.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 335
    • 7.16.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 336
    • 7.16.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 338
    • 7.16.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 340
    • 7.16.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 341
    • 7.16.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 341
  • 7.17      NANODIAMONDS……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 346
    • 7.17.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 346
    • 7.17.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 346
    • 7.17.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 347
    • 7.17.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 349
    • 7.17.5        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 350
    • 7.17.6        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 353
    • 7.17.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 353
    • 7.17.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 355
    • 7.17.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 356
    • 7.17.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 357
  • 7.18      NANOFIBERS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 358
    • 7.18.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 358
    • 7.18.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 359
    • 7.18.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 359
    • 7.18.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 360
    • 7.18.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 361
    • 7.18.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 361
    • 7.18.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 363
    • 7.18.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 364
    • 7.18.9        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 365
  • 7.19      NANOSILVER………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 370
    • 7.19.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 370
    • 7.19.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 370
    • 7.19.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 371
    • 7.19.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 372
    • 7.19.5        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 374
    • 7.19.6        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 376
    • 7.19.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 377
    • 7.19.8        Demand, by region…………………………………………………………………………………………… 378
    • 7.19.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 379
    • 7.19.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 380
  • 7.20      NANOWIRES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 383
    • 7.20.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 383
    • 7.20.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 383
    • 7.20.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 384
    • 7.20.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 385
    • 7.20.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 386
    • 7.20.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 386
    • 7.20.7        Demand, by region…………………………………………………………………………………………… 388
    • 7.20.8        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 389
    • 7.20.9        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 389
  • 7.21      NICKEL NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………………… 392
    • 7.21.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 392
    • 7.21.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 393
    • 7.21.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 394
    • 7.21.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 394
    • 7.21.5        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 394
    • 7.21.6        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 395
    • 7.21.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 395
    • 7.21.8        Demand, by region…………………………………………………………………………………………… 397
    • 7.21.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 398
    • 7.21.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 398
  • 7.22      QUANTUM DOTS……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 400
    • 7.22.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 400
    • 7.22.2        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 401
      • 7.22.2.1     Cadmium Selenide, Cadmium Sulfide and other materials………………………….. 403
      • 7.22.2.2     Cadmium free quantum dots……………………………………………………………………….. 403
    • 7.22.3        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 404
    • 7.22.4        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 407
    • 7.22.5        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 407
    • 7.22.6        Demand, 2010-2028………………………………………………………………………………………… 409
    • 7.22.7        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 411
    • 7.22.8        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 413
    • 7.22.9        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 413
  • 7.23      SILICON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………….. 418
    • 7.23.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 418
    • 7.23.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 419
    • 7.23.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 420
    • 7.23.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 420
    • 7.23.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 421
    • 7.23.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 422
    • 7.23.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 424
    • 7.23.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 426
    • 7.23.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 427
    • 7.23.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 427
  • 7.24      TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………….. 432
    • 7.24.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 432
    • 7.24.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 433
    • 7.24.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 434
      • 7.24.3.1     Photocatalytic………………………………………………………………………………………………. 434
      • 7.24.3.2     UV-filter……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 434
    • 7.24.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 435
    • 7.24.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 436
    • 7.24.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 437
    • 7.24.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 438
    • 7.24.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 441
    • 7.24.9        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 442
  • 7.25      ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………………… 446
    • 7.25.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 446
    • 7.25.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 447
    • 7.25.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 448
    • 7.25.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 449
    • 7.25.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 450
    • 7.25.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 451
    • 7.25.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 453
    • 7.25.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 455
    • 7.25.9        Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 456
  • 7.26      ZIRCONIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES………………………………………………………………….. 461
    • 7.26.1        Market prospects……………………………………………………………………………………………… 461
    • 7.26.2        Market summary and nanomaterials analysis………………………………………………….. 462
    • 7.26.3        Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 463
    • 7.26.4        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 464
    • 7.26.5        Technology readiness level (TRL)……………………………………………………………………. 465
    • 7.26.6        Demand by market…………………………………………………………………………………………… 466
    • 7.26.7        Demand in tons, 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………….. 468
    • 7.26.8        Demand by region……………………………………………………………………………………………. 470
    • 7.26.9        Prices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 471
    • 7.26.10      Producers………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 471
  • 7.27      OTHER NANOMATERIALS……………………………………………………………………………………… 475
    • 7.27.1        NANOPRECIPITATED CALCIUM CARBONATE…………………………………………….. 475
      • 7.27.1.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 475
      • 7.27.1.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 475
      • 7.27.1.3     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 476
    • 7.27.2        GRAPHENE AND CARBON QUANTUM DOTS………………………………………………. 477
      • 7.27.2.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 478
      • 7.27.2.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 480
      • 7.27.2.3     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 482
    • 7.27.3        HYDROXYAPATITE NANOPARTICLES…………………………………………………………. 482
      • 7.27.3.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 482
      • 7.27.3.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 483
      • 7.27.3.3     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 483
    • 7.27.4        PALLADIUM NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………………… 484
      • 7.27.4.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 484
      • 7.27.4.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 484
      • 7.27.4.3     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 485
    • 7.27.5        YTTRIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES……………………………………………………………… 485
      • 7.27.5.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 485
      • 7.27.5.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 485
      • 7.27.5.3     Producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 486
    • 7.27.6        CARBON ONIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 486
      • 7.27.6.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 486
      • 7.27.6.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 487
    • 7.27.7        CARBON NANOHORNS…………………………………………………………………………………. 488
    • 7.27.8        BORON NITRIDE NANOTUBES (BNNTs)………………………………………………………. 489
    • 7.28      OTHER 2D MATERIALS………………………………………………………………………………………….. 490
    • 7.28.1        PHOSPHORENE……………………………………………………………………………………………… 490
      • 7.28.1.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 490
      • 7.28.1.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 492
      • 7.28.1.3     Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………… 495
    • 7.28.2        GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)………………………………………………………. 496
      • 7.28.2.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 496
      • 7.28.2.2     Synthesis……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 497
      • 7.28.2.3     C2N………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 497
      • 7.28.3        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 498
        • 7.28.3.1     Electronics…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 498
        • 7.28.3.2     Filtration membranes…………………………………………………………………………………… 498
        • 7.28.3.3     Photocatalysts……………………………………………………………………………………………… 498
        • 7.28.3.4     Batteries (LIBs)……………………………………………………………………………………………. 498
        • 7.28.3.5     Sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 498
      • 7.28.3.6     Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………… 498
    • 7.28.4        GERMANENE………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 499
      • 7.28.4.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 500
      • 7.28.4.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 500
      • 7.28.4.3     Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………… 501
    • 7.28.5        GRAPHDIYNE…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 501
      • 7.28.5.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 502
      • 7.28.5.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 503
      • 7.28.5.3     Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………… 504
    • 7.28.6        GRAPHANE…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 505
      • 7.28.6.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 505
      • 7.28.6.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 505
      • 7.28.6.3     Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………… 506
    • 7.28.7        HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE……………………………………………………………………… 507
      • 7.28.7.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 507
      • 7.28.7.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 508
      • 7.28.7.3     Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………… 509
    • 7.28.8        MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)……………………………………………………………….. 510
      • 7.28.8.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 511
      • 7.28.8.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 512
      • 7.28.8.3     Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………… 514
    • 7.28.9        RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)……………………………. 514
      • 7.28.9.1     Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 515
      • 7.28.9.2     Applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 515
      • 7.28.9.3     Market opportunity assessment…………………………………………………………………… 515
    • 7.28.10      SILICENE………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 516
      • 7.28.10.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………… 517
      • 7.28.10.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………… 517
      • 7.28.11      Market opportunity assessment……………………………………………………………………….. 519
    • 7.28.12      STANENE/TINENE………………………………………………………………………………………….. 520
      • 7.28.12.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………… 520
      • 7.28.12.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………… 521
      • 7.28.12.3       Market opportunity assessment……………………………………………………………….. 521
    • 7.28.13      TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE……………………………………………………………………………….. 522
      • 7.28.13.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………… 523
      • 7.28.13.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………… 523
      • 7.28.13.3       Market opportunity assessment……………………………………………………………….. 523
    • 7.28.14      ANTIMONENE…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 524
      • 7.28.14.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………… 524
      • 7.28.14.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………… 524
    • 7.28.15      DIAMENE………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 525
      • 7.28.15.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………… 525
      • 7.28.15.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………… 525
    • 7.28.16      INDIUM SELENIDE………………………………………………………………………………………….. 525
      • 7.28.16.1       Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………… 525
      • 7.28.16.2       Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………… 526

8    MARKETS FOR NANOMATERIALS………………………………………. 527

  • 8.1    ADHESIVES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 527
    • 8.1.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………… 527
    • 8.1.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 528
    • 8.1.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………….. 531
    • 8.1.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………… 533
    • 8.1.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………. 534
    • 8.1.6     PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 535
  • 8.2    AEROSPACE AND AVIATION…………………………………………………………………………………….. 537
    • 8.2.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………… 537
    • 8.2.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 538
      • 8.2.2.1       Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 538
      • 8.2.2.2       Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 540
    • 8.2.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………….. 542
    • 8.2.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………… 545
    • 8.2.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………. 545
    • 8.2.6     PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 550
  • 8.3    AUTOMOTIVE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 552
    • 8.3.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………… 552
    • 8.3.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 554
      • 8.3.2.1       Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 555
      • 8.3.2.2       Paints and coatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 557
      • 8.3.2.3       Tires…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 559
      • 8.3.2.4       Automotive electronics…………………………………………………………………………………. 560
    • 8.3.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………….. 560
      • 8.3.3.1       Composites………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 560
      • 8.3.3.2       Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 561
    • 8.3.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………… 563
    • 8.3.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………. 564
    • 8.3.6     PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 571
  • 8.4    BATTERIES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 573
    • 8.4.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………… 573
    • 8.4.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 575
      • 8.4.2.1       Lithium-ion batteries (LIB)……………………………………………………………………………. 575
      • 8.4.2.2       Lithium-air batteries……………………………………………………………………………………… 578
      • 8.4.2.3       Sodium-ion batteries……………………………………………………………………………………. 578
      • 8.4.2.4       Magnesium batteries……………………………………………………………………………………. 579
      • 8.4.2.5       Flexible batteries………………………………………………………………………………………….. 579
    • 8.4.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………….. 580
    • 8.4.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………… 582
    • 8.4.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………. 583
    • 8.4.6     PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 589
  • 8.5    BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE…………………………………………………………………………….. 591
    • 8.5.1     BIOSENSORS……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 592
      • 8.5.1.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 592
      • 8.5.1.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 593
      • 8.5.1.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 595
      • 8.5.1.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 597
      • 8.5.1.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 598
    • 8.5.2     DRUG FORMULATION AND DELIVERY…………………………………………………………….. 600
      • 8.5.2.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 600
      • 8.5.2.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 601
      • 8.5.2.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 607
      • 8.5.2.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 609
      • 8.5.2.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 610
    • 8.5.3     IMAGING AND DIAGNOSTICS……………………………………………………………………………. 616
      • 8.5.3.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 616
      • 8.5.3.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 617
      • 8.5.3.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 619
      • 8.5.3.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 621
      • 8.5.3.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 622
    • 8.5.4     MEDICAL COATINGS AND FILMS……………………………………………………………………… 628
      • 8.5.4.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 628
      • 8.5.4.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 630
      • 8.5.4.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 635
      • 8.5.4.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 637
      • 8.5.4.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 638
    • 8.5.5     MEDICAL IMPLANTS………………………………………………………………………………………….. 643
      • 8.5.5.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 643
      • 8.5.5.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 645
      • 8.5.5.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 646
      • 8.5.5.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 649
      • 8.5.5.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 649
    • 8.5.6     THERAPEUTICS…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 651
      • 8.5.6.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 651
      • 8.5.6.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 652
      • 8.5.6.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 655
      • 8.5.6.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 656
      • 8.5.6.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 658
    • 8.5.7     WOUND CARE…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 661
      • 8.5.7.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 661
      • 8.5.7.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 662
      • 8.5.7.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 664
      • 8.5.7.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 665
      • 8.5.7.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 666
    • 8.5.8     MEDICAL WEARABLES AND REMOTE HEALTH MONITORING………………………. 667
      • 8.5.8.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 667
      • 8.5.8.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 668
      • 8.5.8.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 668
    • 8.5.9     DENTAL……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 670
      • 8.5.9.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 670
      • 8.5.9.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 670
      • 8.5.9.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 671
      • 8.5.9.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 672
      • 8.5.9.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 673
      • 8.5.10        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 674
  • 8.6    COMPOSITES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 676
    • 8.6.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………… 676
    • 8.6.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 678
      • 8.6.2.1       Polymer composites…………………………………………………………………………………….. 679
      • 8.6.2.2       Thermal management………………………………………………………………………………….. 681
      • 8.6.2.3       Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding                   682
      • 8.6.2.4       Rubber and elastomers……………………………………………………………………………….. 683
      • 8.6.2.5       Flame retardants………………………………………………………………………………………….. 683
    • 8.6.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………….. 684
    • 8.6.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………… 689
    • 8.6.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………. 690
    • 8.6.6     PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 697
  • 8.7    CONSTRUCTION, BUILDING PROTECTION AND ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS…… 698
    • 8.7.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………… 698
    • 8.7.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 700
      • 8.7.2.1       INSULATION AND HEATING……………………………………………………………………… 700
      • 8.7.2.2       EXTERIOR COATINGS (PROTECTIVE, WOOD AND GLASS)………………….. 701
      • 8.7.2.3       SMART WINDOWS……………………………………………………………………………………… 707
      • 8.7.2.4       VOC MITIGATION AND INDOOR AIR FILTRATION…………………………………… 710
      • 8.7.2.5       CEMENT AND CONCRETE………………………………………………………………………… 711
      • 8.7.2.6       SELF-HEALING CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS………………………………………… 713
    • 8.7.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………….. 715
      • 8.7.3.1       Concrete and cement…………………………………………………………………………………… 715
      • 8.7.3.2       Exterior coatings………………………………………………………………………………………….. 716
      • 8.7.3.3       Smart windows…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 717
      • 8.7.3.4       Insulation……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 718
    • 8.7.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………… 720
    • 8.7.5     PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 721
  • 8.8    COSMETICS AND SUNSCREENS……………………………………………………………………………… 724
    • 8.8.1     MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………………… 724
    • 8.8.2     APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 727
    • 8.8.3     MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………………….. 735
    • 8.8.4     MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………………… 737
    • 8.8.5     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………………. 738
    • 8.8.6     PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 743
  • 8.9    ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS……………………………………………………………………………… 744
    • 8.9.1     FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS………………….. 744
      • 8.9.1.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 744
      • 8.9.1.2       APPLICATONS……………………………………………………………………………………………. 747
      • 8.9.1.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 752
      • 8.9.1.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 762
      • 8.9.1.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 764
    • 8.9.2     CONDUCTIVE INKS……………………………………………………………………………………………. 769
      • 8.9.2.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 769
      • 8.9.2.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 771
      • 8.9.2.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 773
      • 8.9.2.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 775
      • 8.9.2.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 776
    • 8.9.3     TRANSISTORS, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND OTHER COMPONENTS………… 779
      • 8.9.3.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 779
      • 8.9.3.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 781
      • 8.9.3.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 782
      • 8.9.3.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 784
      • 8.9.3.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 786
    • 8.9.4     MEMORY DEVICES…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 788
      • 8.9.4.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 788
      • 8.9.4.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 789
      • 8.9.4.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 791
      • 8.9.4.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 792
      • 8.9.4.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 793
    • 8.9.5     ELECTRONICS COATINGS………………………………………………………………………………… 795
      • 8.9.5.1       MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………….. 795
      • 8.9.5.2       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 796
      • 8.9.5.3       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 798
      • 8.9.5.4       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 799
      • 8.9.5.5       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 800
    • 8.9.6     PHOTONICS………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 803
      • 8.9.6.1       APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 803
      • 8.9.6.2       MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY………………………………………………………….. 809
      • 8.9.6.3       MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………….. 810
      • 8.9.6.4       APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………. 812
    • 8.9.7     PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 813
  • 8.10      FILTRATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION………………………………………….. 816
    • 8.10.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 817
    • 8.10.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 819
      • 8.10.2.1     Desalination and water filtration…………………………………………………………………… 820
      • 8.10.2.2     Airborne filters……………………………………………………………………………………………… 823
      • 8.10.2.3     Gas separation…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 825
    • 8.10.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 825
    • 8.10.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 827
    • 8.10.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 828
    • 8.10.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 834
  • 8.11      FOOD AND AGRICULTURE……………………………………………………………………………………. 836
    • 8.11.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 836
    • 8.11.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 837
      • 8.11.2.1     Food packaging…………………………………………………………………………………………… 838
      • 8.11.2.2     Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 840
      • 8.11.2.3     Sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 842
      • 8.11.2.4     Additives in food additives and supplements……………………………………………….. 842
      • 8.11.2.5     Agricultural production…………………………………………………………………………………. 843
    • 8.11.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 843
    • 8.11.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 847
    • 8.11.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 848
    • 8.11.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 852
  • 8.12      FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE…………………………………………………………… 854
    • 8.12.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 854
    • 8.12.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 856
      • 8.12.2.1     Fuel cells……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 857
      • 8.12.2.2     Hydrogen storage………………………………………………………………………………………… 858
    • 8.12.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 859
    • 8.12.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 860
    • 8.12.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 861
    • 8.12.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 863
  • 8.13      HOUSEHOLD CARE AND SANITARY…………………………………………………………………….. 865
    • 8.13.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 865
    • 8.13.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 866
      • 8.13.2.1     Anti-microbial coatings…………………………………………………………………………………. 867
      • 8.13.2.2     Self-cleaning & easy clean coatings…………………………………………………………….. 867
      • 8.13.2.3     Photocatalytic coatings………………………………………………………………………………… 868
      • 8.13.2.4     Anti-fingerprint nanocoatings……………………………………………………………………….. 869
    • 8.13.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 869
    • 8.13.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 871
    • 8.13.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 872
    • 8.13.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 877
  • 8.14      LIGHTING AND UVC……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 878
    • 8.14.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 878
    • 8.14.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 879
      • 8.14.2.1     Flexible lighting……………………………………………………………………………………………. 880
    • 8.14.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 881
    • 8.14.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 882
    • 8.14.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 883
    • 8.14.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 885
  • 8.15      LUBRICANTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 886
    • 8.15.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 886
    • 8.15.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 887
    • 8.15.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 888
    • 8.15.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 889
    • 8.15.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 890
    • 8.15.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 891
  • 8.16      MARINE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 892
    • 8.16.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 892
    • 8.16.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 893
    • 8.16.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 895
    • 8.16.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 896
    • 8.16.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 897
    • 8.16.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 899
  • 8.17      OIL & GAS EXPLORATION…………………………………………………………………………………….. 900
    • 8.17.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 901
    • 8.17.2        PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………. 903
      • 8.17.2.1     Sensing and reservoir management……………………………………………………………. 903
      • 8.17.2.2     Coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 904
      • 8.17.2.3     Drilling fluids………………………………………………………………………………………………… 905
      • 8.17.2.4     Sorbent materials………………………………………………………………………………………… 906
      • 8.17.2.5     Separation…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 907
    • 8.17.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 907
    • 8.17.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 909
    • 8.17.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 910
    • 8.17.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 913
  • 8.18      PACKAGING……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 914
    • 8.18.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 914
    • 8.18.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 916
    • 8.18.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 919
    • 8.18.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 922
    • 8.18.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 923
    • 8.18.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 927
  • 8.19      SECURITY AND DEFENCE…………………………………………………………………………………….. 929
    • 8.19.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 929
    • 8.19.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 931
      • 8.19.2.1     Military textiles……………………………………………………………………………………………… 931
      • 8.19.2.2     Military equipment……………………………………………………………………………………….. 931
      • 8.19.2.3     Anti-counterfeiting………………………………………………………………………………………… 932
      • 8.19.2.4     Sensors and detection…………………………………………………………………………………. 934
      • 8.19.2.5     Ballistic protection………………………………………………………………………………………… 935
    • 8.19.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 935
    • 8.19.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 937
    • 8.19.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 938
    • 8.19.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 943
  • 8.20      SENSORS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 944
    • 8.20.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 944
    • 8.20.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 945
      • 8.20.2.1     Gas sensors………………………………………………………………………………………………… 947
      • 8.20.2.2     Strain sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………… 949
      • 8.20.2.3     Biosensors…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 949
      • 8.20.2.4     Food sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 951
      • 8.20.2.5     Image sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………… 952
      • 8.20.2.6     Infrared (IR) sensors……………………………………………………………………………………. 952
      • 8.20.2.7     Optical sensors……………………………………………………………………………………………. 953
      • 8.20.2.8     Pressure sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………. 953
      • 8.20.2.9     Humidity sensors…………………………………………………………………………………………. 954
      • 8.20.2.10       Acoustic sensors……………………………………………………………………………………… 954
      • 8.20.2.11       Wireless sensors……………………………………………………………………………………… 955
    • 8.20.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 955
    • 8.20.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 957
    • 8.20.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 958
    • 8.20.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 962
  • 8.21      SOLAR…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 964
    • 8.21.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 964
    • 8.21.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 966
      • 8.21.2.1     Solar cells……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 966
      • 8.21.2.2     Solar water splitting……………………………………………………………………………………… 969
      • 8.21.2.3     Solar coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………… 970
    • 8.21.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 970
    • 8.21.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 973
    • 8.21.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 974
    • 8.21.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 978
  • 8.22      SUPERCAPACITORS……………………………………………………………………………………………… 979
    • 8.22.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 979
    • 8.22.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 979
    • 8.22.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 980
    • 8.22.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 982
    • 8.22.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………….. 983
    • 8.22.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 985
  • 8.23      TEXTILES & APPAREL……………………………………………………………………………………………. 986
    • 8.23.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…………………………………………………………………. 986
    • 8.23.2        APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………. 990
      • 8.23.2.1     Protective textiles………………………………………………………………………………………… 991
      • 8.23.2.2     Electronic textiles…………………………………………………………………………………………. 992
    • 8.23.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………… 998
      • 8.23.3.1     Protective textiles………………………………………………………………………………………… 998
      • 8.23.3.2     Electronic textiles…………………………………………………………………………………………. 998
    • 8.23.4        MARKET CHALLENGES…………………………………………………………………………………. 999
    • 8.23.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………… 1000
    • 8.23.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1005
  • 8.24      TOOLS & MANUFACTURING……………………………………………………………………………….. 1006
    • 8.24.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………….. 1006
    • 8.24.2        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1007
    • 8.24.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………. 1008
    • 8.24.4        MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………….. 1009
    • 8.24.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………… 1010
    • 8.24.6        PRODUCTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1014
  • 8.25      3D PRINTING………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1015
    • 8.25.1        MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS……………………………………………………………….. 1015
    • 8.25.2        APPLICATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1016
    • 8.25.3        MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY……………………………………………………………. 1017
    • 8.25.4        MARKET CHALLENGES……………………………………………………………………………….. 1018
    • 8.25.5        APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…………………………………………… 1019
  • 8.26      OTHER MARKETS………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1021
    • 8.26.1        CATALYSTS………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1021
      • 8.26.1.1     APPLICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………… 1021
      • 8.26.1.2     APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS………………………………………. 1023
    • 8.26.2        WIRE AND CABLE………………………………………………………………………………………… 1023
      • 8.26.2.1     Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1023
      • 8.26.2.2     Application and product developers…………………………………………………………… 1024
    • 8.26.3        SPORTING GOODS……………………………………………………………………………………… 1025
      • 8.26.3.1     Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1025
      • 8.26.3.2     Application and product developers…………………………………………………………… 1025
      • 8.26.3.3     Products…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1026
    • 8.26.4        WIND ENERGY……………………………………………………………………………………………… 1028
      • 8.26.4.1     Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………….. 1028
      • 8.26.4.2 Applications and product developers………………………………………………………………………….. 1028
    • 8.26.5        THERMOELECTRICS……………………………………………………………………………………. 1031
      • 8.26.5.1     Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………….. 1031
      • 8.26.5.2     Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1032
      • 8.26.5.3     Application and product developers…………………………………………………………… 1034

9    APPENDIX 1: COATINGS AND DEPOSITION COMPANIES…… 1035

10 APPENDIX 2: MICROSCOPE AND IMAGING COMPANIES……. 1060

11 APPENDIX 3: NANOMATERIALS PRODUCERS, BY NANOMATERIALS TYPE………………………………………………………… 1086

12 APPENDIX 4: NANOMATERIALS PRODUCERS, BY COUNTRY 1128

13 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………… 1159

TABLES

  • Table 1: Categorization of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………. 74
  • Table 2: The Global market for nanomaterials in 2017 in tons, market characteristics and growth prospects………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76
  • Table 3: Demand for nanomaterials (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………………………………. 78
  • Table 4: National nanomaterials registries in Europe…………………………………………………………………. 81
  • Table 5: Nanomaterials regulations and rulings in Europe 2017-2018……………………………………….. 83
  • Table 6: Nanomaterials regulations and rulings in the United States 2017-2018……………………….. 85
  • Table 7: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia……………………………………………………………….. 87
  • Table 8: Nanomaterials regulations and rulings in Asia-Pacific 2017-2018………………………………… 88
  • Table 9: Top ten countries based on number of nanotechnology patents in USPTO……………….. 105
  • Table 10: Nanomaterials scorecard for aluminium oxide nanoparticles……………………………………. 106
  • Table 11: Market summary for aluminium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107
  • Table 12: Markets, benefits and applications of aluminium oxide nanoparticles……………………….. 108
  • Table 13: Demand of aluminium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028. Production volumes are in metric tons unless stated otherwise……………………………………………………………………………………. 113
  • Table 14: Prices of aluminium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………… 116
  • Table 15: Aluminium oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………… 117
  • Table 16: Nanomaterials scorecard for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles…………………………………. 121
  • Table 17: Market summary for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 121
  • Table 18: Markets, benefits and applications of antimony tin oxide nanoparticles……………………. 122
  • Table 19: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028………………………………. 126
  • Table 20: Prices of antimony tin oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………… 129
  • Table 21: Antimony tin oxide nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………… 129
  • Table 22: Nanomaterials scorecard for bismuth oxide nanoparticles………………………………………… 132
  • Table 23: Market summary for bismuth oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 132
  • Table 24: Markets, benefits and applications of aluminium oxide nanoparticles……………………….. 133
  • Table 25: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………….. 137
  • Table 26: Prices of bismuth oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………. 140
  • Table 27: Bismuth oxide nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………….. 141
  • Table 28: Nanomaterials scorecard for carbon nanotubes……………………………………………………….. 143
  • Table 29: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 143
  • Table 30: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials…………………………………………………………. 145
  • Table 31: Properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes………………………………………………………….. 146
  • Table 32: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes…………………………………………. 148
  • Table 33: SWNT producer’s production capacities 2017………………………………………………………….. 156
  • Table 34: Demand for carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………………………….. 157
  • Table 35: Prices of carbon nanotubes………………………………………………………………………………………. 160
  • Table 36: Example SWNT prices……………………………………………………………………………………………… 161
  • Table 37: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers………………………………………………………. 162
  • Table 38: SWNT producers production capacities……………………………………………………………………. 163
  • Table 39: Carbon nanotubes producers……………………………………………………………………………………. 163
  • Table 40: Nanomaterials scorecard for cerium oxide nanoparticles………………………………………….. 171
  • Table 41: Market summary for cerium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 171
  • Table 42: Markets, benefits and applications of cerium oxide nanoparticles…………………………….. 172
  • Table 43: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………. 176
  • Table 44: Prices of cerium oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………… 179
  • Table 45: Cerium oxide nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………………… 179
  • Table 46: Nanomaterials scorecard for cobalt oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………… 182
  • Table 47: Market summary for cobalt oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 182
  • Table 48: Markets, benefits and applications of cobalt oxide nanoparticles……………………………… 183
  • Table 49: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………….. 186
  • Table 50: Prices of cobalt oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………………….. 189
  • Table 51: Cobalt oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………………. 189
  • Table 52: Nanomaterials scorecard for copper oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………. 191
  • Table 53: Market summary for copper oxide nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 191
  • Table 54: Markets, benefits and applications of copper oxide nanoparticles…………………………….. 193
  • Table 55: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………. 197
  • Table 56: Example prices of copper oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………….. 200
  • Table 57: Copper oxide nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………………… 201
  • Table 58: Nanomaterials scorecard for dendrimers………………………………………………………………….. 202
  • Table 59: Market summary for dendrimer -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 203
  • Table 60: Types of dendrimer…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 204
  • Table 61: Markets, benefits and applications of dendrimers…………………………………………………….. 207
  • Table 62: Dendrimer products………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 208
  • Table 63: Demand for dendrimers (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………………………….. 211
  • Table 64: Example prices of dendrimers…………………………………………………………………………………… 214
  • Table 65: Dendrimers producers………………………………………………………………………………………………. 214
  • Table 66: Nanomaterials scorecard for fullerenes…………………………………………………………………….. 216
  • Table 67: Market summary for fullerenes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 216
  • Table 68: Markets, benefits and applications of fullerenes……………………………………………………….. 217
  • Table 69: Demadn for fullerenes (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………. 221
  • Table 70: Example prices of fullerenes…………………………………………………………………………………….. 224
  • Table 71: Fullerene producers………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 225
  • Table 72: Nanomaterials scorecard for gold nanoparticles……………………………………………………….. 228
  • Table 73: Market summary for gold nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 228
  • Table 74: Markets, benefits and applications of gold nanoparticles………………………………………….. 230
  • Table 75: Demand for gold nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………………. 233
  • Table 76: Example prices of gold nanoparticles……………………………………………………………………….. 236
  • Table 77: Gold nanoparticle producers…………………………………………………………………………………….. 237
  • Table 78: Nanomaterials scorecard for graphene…………………………………………………………………….. 240
  • Table 79: Market summary for graphene-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 240
  • Table 80: Properties of graphene……………………………………………………………………………………………… 241
  • Table 81: Markets, benefits and applications of graphene……………………………………………………….. 243
  • Table 82: Consumer products incorporating graphene…………………………………………………………….. 247
  • Table 83: Demand for graphene, 2010-2028 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2015…… 251
  • Table 84: Graphene types and cost per kg……………………………………………………………………………….. 254
  • Table 85: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 255
  • Table 86: Graphene producers…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 260
  • Table 87: Nanomaterials scorecard for iron oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………. 271
  • Table 88: Market summary for iron oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 271
  • Table 89: Markets, benefits and applications of iron oxide nanoparticles…………………………………. 273
  • Table 90: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………………… 277
  • Table 91: Example prices of iron oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………. 280
  • Table 92: Iron oxide nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………………… 280
  • Table 93: Nanomaterials scorecard for magnesium oxide nanoparticles………………………………….. 284
  • Table 94: Market summary for magnesium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………….. 284
  • Table 95: Markets, benefits and applications of magnesium oxide nanoparticles…………………….. 285
  • Table 96: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028………………………………. 288
  • Table 97: Example prices of magnesium oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………….. 292
  • Table 98: Magnesium oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………. 292
  • Table 99: Nanomaterials scorecard for manganese oxide nanoparticles………………………………….. 294
  • Table 100: Market summary for manganese oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 295
  • Table 101: Markets, benefits and applications of manganese oxide nanoparticles…………………… 296
  • Table 102: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028…………………………….. 299
  • Table 103: Example prices of manganese oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………… 301
  • Table 104: Manganese oxide nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………….. 302
  • Table 105: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanocellulose……………………………………………………………. 303
  • Table 106: Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 304
  • Table 107: Nanocellulose properties………………………………………………………………………………………… 306
  • Table 108: Properties and applications of nanocellulose………………………………………………………….. 307
  • Table 109: Markets and applications of nanocellulose……………………………………………………………… 309
  • Table 110: Demand for nanocellulose (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………………………………. 315
  • Table 111: Product/price/application matrix of nanocellulose producers………………………………….. 320
  • Table 112: Production capacities of CNF producers per annum in tons, current and planned…. 322
  • Table 113: Production capacities of CNC producers per annum in tons, current and planned…. 323
  • Table 114: Nanocellulose producers………………………………………………………………………………………… 324
  • Table 115: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanoclays………………………………………………………………….. 329
  • Table 116: Market summary for nanoclays -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 330
  • Table 117: Markets, benefits and applications of nanoclays…………………………………………………….. 334
  • Table 118: Demand for nanoclays (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………………………….. 337
  • Table 119: Example prices of nanoclays………………………………………………………………………………….. 340
  • Table 120: Main nanoclays producers, products and target markets……………………………………….. 341
  • Table 121: Nanoclay producers………………………………………………………………………………………………… 341
  • Table 122: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanodiamonds…………………………………………………………… 345
  • Table 123: Markets, benefits and applications of nanodiamonds……………………………………………… 348
  • Table 124: Demand for nanodiamonds (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………………….. 352
  • Table 125: Example prices of nanodiamonds…………………………………………………………………………… 355
  • Table 126: Nanodiamonds producers……………………………………………………………………………………….. 356
  • Table 127: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanofibers…………………………………………………………………. 357
  • Table 128: Market summary for nanofibers- Selling grade particle diameter, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………. 358
  • Table 129: Markets and applications of nanofibers…………………………………………………………………… 359
  • Table 130: Markets for nanofiber air and liquid filtration……………………………………………………………. 361
  • Table 131: Demand for nanofibers (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………………………………. 362
  • Table 132: Nanofibers producers……………………………………………………………………………………………… 364
  • Table 133: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanosilver………………………………………………………………….. 369
  • Table 134: Market summary for nanosilver-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications. 370
  • Table 135: Markets, benefits and applications of nanosilver…………………………………………………….. 372
  • Table 136: Demand for nanosilver (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………………………………. 376
  • Table 137: Example prices of nanosilver………………………………………………………………………………….. 379
  • Table 138: Nanosilver producers………………………………………………………………………………………………. 379
  • Table 139: Nanomaterials scorecard for nanowires………………………………………………………………….. 382
  • Table 140: Market summary for nanowires-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 382
  • Table 141: Markets, benefits and applications of nanowires…………………………………………………….. 384
  • Table 142: Example prices of nanowires………………………………………………………………………………….. 388
  • Table 143: Nanowires producers………………………………………………………………………………………………. 388
  • Table 144: Nanomaterials scorecard for nickel nanoparticles…………………………………………………… 391
  • Table 145: Market summary for nickel nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 392
  • Table 146: Markets, benefits and applications of nickel nanoparticles……………………………………… 393
  • Table 147: Demand for nickel nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………….. 394
  • Table 148: Example prices of nickel nanoparticles…………………………………………………………………… 397
  • Table 149: Nickel nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………………………….. 397
  • Table 150: Nanomaterials scorecard for quantum dots…………………………………………………………….. 399
  • Table 151: Markets, benefits and applications of quantum dots……………………………………………….. 403
  • Table 152: Total QD revenues 2013-2028 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates………….. 408
  • Table 153: Example prices of quantum dots…………………………………………………………………………….. 412
  • Table 154: Production of quantum dots……………………………………………………………………………………. 412
  • Table 155: Quantum dot producers………………………………………………………………………………………….. 413
  • Table 156: Nanomaterials scorecard for silicon oxide nanoparticles………………………………………… 417
  • Table 157: Market summary for silicon oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 418
  • Table 158: Markets, benefits and applications of silicon oxide nanoparticles…………………………… 419
  • Table 159: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………… 423
  • Table 160: Example prices of silicon oxide nanoparticles…………………………………………………………. 426
  • Table 161: Silicon oxide nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………….. 427
  • Table 162: Nanomaterials scorecard for titanium dioxide nanoparticles…………………………………… 431
  • Table 163: Market summary for titanium dioxide nanoparticles -Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 432
  • Table 164: Markets, benefits and applications of titanium dioxide nanoparticles……………………… 434
  • Table 165: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles (tons), conservative and optimistic estimates…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 437
  • Table 166: Titanium dioxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………. 442
  • Table 167: Nanomaterials scorecard for zinc oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………. 445
  • Table 168: Market summary for zinc oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 446
  • Table 169: Markets, benefits and applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles………………………………. 448
  • Table 170: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………………. 452
  • Table 171: Main Zinc oxide nanoparticles-Suppliers, products, primary particle size……………….. 456
  • Table 172: Zinc oxide nanoparticles producers………………………………………………………………………… 457
  • Table 173: Nanomaterials scorecard for zirconium oxide nanoparticles…………………………………… 461
  • Table 174: Market summary for zirconium oxide nanoparticles-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 461
  • Table 175: Markets, benefits and applications of zirconium oxide nanoparticles……………………… 463
  • Table 176: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028………………………………… 467
  • Table 177: Prices of zirconium oxide nanoparticles………………………………………………………………….. 470
  • Table 178: Zirconium oxide nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………….. 471
  • Table 179: Markets, benefits and applications of nano precipitated calcium carbonate……………. 474
  • Table 180: Nanoprecipitated calcium carbonate nanoparticles producers………………………………… 475
  • Table 181: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4………………….. 477
  • Table 182: Properties of graphene quantum dots…………………………………………………………………….. 479
  • Table 183: Graphene and carbon quantum dots producers……………………………………………………… 481
  • Table 184: Markets, benefits and applications of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles……………………….. 482
  • Table 185: Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………. 482
  • Table 186: Markets, benefits and applications of palladium nanoparticles……………………………….. 483
  • Table 187: Palladium nanoparticles producers…………………………………………………………………………. 484
  • Table 188: Yttrium oxide nanoparticles producers……………………………………………………………………. 485
  • Table 189: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 490
  • Table 190: Market opportunity assessment for phosphorene applications……………………………….. 494
  • Table 191: Market opportunity assessment for graphitic carbon nitride applications………………… 498
  • Table 192: Market opportunity assessment for germanene applications………………………………….. 500
  • Table 193: Market opportunity assessment for graphdiyne applications…………………………………… 503
  • Table 194: Market opportunity assessment for graphane applications……………………………………… 505
  • Table 195: Market opportunity assessment for hexagonal boron nitride applications……………….. 508
  • Table 196: Market opportunity assessment for molybdenum disulfide applications………………….. 513
  • Table 197: Market opportunity assessment for Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 514
  • Table 198: Market opportunity assessment for silicene applications………………………………………… 518
  • Table 199: Market opportunity assessment for stanine/tinene applications………………………………. 521
  • Table 200: Market opportunity assessment for tungsten diselenide applications……………………… 523
  • Table 201: Market drivers for use of nanomaterials in adhesives…………………………………………….. 526
  • Table 202: Nanomaterials properties relevant to application in adhesives……………………………….. 527
  • Table 203: Applications in adhesives, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………….. 528
  • Table 204: Applications of nanomaterials in adhesives, by market…………………………………………… 530
  • Table 205: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in adhesives…………………………… 530
  • Table 206: Market opportunity assessment for nanomaterials in adhesives…………………………….. 531
  • Table 207: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the adhesives market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 532
  • Table 208: Nanomaterials application and product developers in adhesives……………………………. 533
  • Table 209: Market drivers and trends for nanotechnology in aerospace and aviation………………. 536
  • Table 210: Applications in aerospace composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 538
  • Table 211: Types of nanocoatings utilized in aerospace and application…………………………………. 539
  • Table 212: Applications in aerospace coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……. 541
  • Table 213: Market size for nanotechnology in aerospace…………………………………………………………. 541
  • Table 214: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact……………………………………………………………. 543
  • Table 215: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the aerospace market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 544
  • Table 216: Nanomaterials application and product developers in the aerospace industry……….. 544
  • Table 217: Market drivers for use of SWNTs in automotive……………………………………………………… 551
  • Table 218: Applications in automotive composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 554
  • Table 219: Nanocoatings applied in the automotive industry……………………………………………………. 556
  • Table 220: Applications in automotive tires, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………. 558
  • Table 221: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in the automotive sector…………………………………………………………………………………… 560
  • Table 222: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact……………………………………………………………. 561
  • Table 223: Applications and commercilization challenges in the automotive market………………… 562
  • Table 224: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the automotive market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 563
  • Table 225: Nanomaterials application and product developers in the automotive industry………. 563
  • Table 226: Market drivers for use of nanotechnology in batteries…………………………………………….. 573
  • Table 227: Applications in LIB, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………….. 575
  • Table 228: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…….. 577
  • Table 229: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof….. 577
  • Table 230: Applications in magesium batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…… 578
  • Table 231: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in batteries……………………………… 579
  • Table 232: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the batteries market…………………. 580
  • Table 233: Market challenges in batteries………………………………………………………………………………… 581
  • Table 234: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the batteries market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 581
  • Table 235: Nanomaterials application and product developers in batteries and supercapacitors. 582
  • Table 236: Market drivers for nanotechnology in medical biosensors………………………………………. 591
  • Table 237: Applications in medical biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……. 593
  • Table 238: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in medical biosensors…………….. 594
  • Table 239: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the medical biosensors market… 595
  • Table 240: Market challenges in medical biosensors……………………………………………………………….. 596
  • Table 241: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the medical biosensors market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 597
  • Table 242: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in medical biosensors………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 597
  • Table 243: Market drivers for nanotechnology in drug formulation and delivery……………………….. 599
  • Table 244: Applications in drug formulation and delivery, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 600
  • Table 245: Nanotechnology drug products……………………………………………………………………………….. 603
  • Table 246: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in drug formulation and delivery. 606
  • Table 247: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the drug formulation and delivery. 607
  • Table 248: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the drug formulation and delivery market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 609
  • Table 249: Nanotechnology application developers in drug formulation and delivery………………. 609
  • Table 250: Market drivers for nanotechnology in imaging and diagnostics………………………………. 615
  • Table 251: Applications in medical imaging and diagnostics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 616
  • Table 252: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in imaging and diagnostics…….. 618
  • Table 253: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the imaging and diagnostics market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 619
  • Table 254: Market challenges in imaging and diagnostics………………………………………………………… 621
  • Table 255: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the medical imaging and diagnostics market……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 621
  • Table 256: Nanotechnology application developers in medical imaging and diagnositcs…………. 622
  • Table 257: Market drivers for nanotechnology in medical coatings and films…………………………… 627
  • Table 258: Nanocoatings applied in the medical industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 629
  • Table 259: Types of advanced coatings applied in medical devices and implants……………………. 631
  • Table 260: Nanomaterials utilized in medical implants……………………………………………………………… 631
  • Table 261: Nanomaterials utilized in medical coatings and films coatings-benefits and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 632
  • Table 262: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in medical coatings and films…. 635
  • Table 263: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the medical coatings and films market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 636
  • Table 264: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the medical coatings and films market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 637
  • Table 265: Nanotechnology application developers in medical coatings and films…………………… 637
  • Table 266: Market drivers for nanotechnology in medical implants…………………………………………… 642
  • Table 267: Applications in medical implants and devices, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 644
  • Table 268: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in medical implants………………… 646
  • Table 269: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in medical implants and devices market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 647
  • Table 270: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the medical implants market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 648
  • Table 271: Nanotechnology application developers in medical implants and devices………………. 648
  • Table 272: Market drivers for nanotechnology in therapeutics………………………………………………….. 650
  • Table 273: Applications in therapeutics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………….. 652
  • Table 274: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in therapeutics……………………….. 654
  • Table 275: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the therapeutics market…………… 655
  • Table 276: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the therapeutics market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 656
  • Table 277: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in therapeutics…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 657
  • Table 278: Market drivers for nanotechnology in wound care…………………………………………………… 660
  • Table 279: Medical products incorporating nanosilver……………………………………………………………… 661
  • Table 280: Applications in wound care, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………… 661
  • Table 281: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in wound care………………………… 663
  • Table 282: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the wound care market……………. 664
  • Table 283: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the woundcare market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 665
  • Table 284: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application developers in wound care……………. 665
  • Table 285: Market drivers for nanotechnology in medical wearables and remote health monitoring…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 666
  • Table 286: Applications in medical wearables and remote health monitoring, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 667
  • Table 287: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in medical wearables and remote health monitoring………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 667
  • Table 288: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the medical wearables and remote health monitoring market…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 668
  • Table 289: Market drivers for nanotechnology in dental……………………………………………………………. 669
  • Table 290: Applications in dental, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………… 669
  • Table 291: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in dental…………………………………. 670
  • Table 292: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity in the dental market…………………….. 670
  • Table 293: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the medical implants market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 672
  • Table 294: Nanomaterials application and product developers in dentistry………………………………. 672
  • Table 295: Market drivers for nanotechnology in wound care…………………………………………………… 676
  • Table 296: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials…………………….. 678
  • Table 297: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites……………………….. 678
  • Table 298: Applications in polymer composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…… 679
  • Table 299: Applications in thermal management composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 680
  • Table 300: Applications in ESD and EMI shielding composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 681
  • Table 301: Applications in rubber and elastomers, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 682
  • Table 302: Applications in flame retardants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………… 683
  • Table 303: Potential market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for nanocomposites in key applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 684
  • Table 304: Demand for nanomaterials in composites 2015-2027, in tons. Base year for estimates is 2015……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 687
  • Table 305: Market challenges for nanocomposites…………………………………………………………………… 688
  • Table 306: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the composites market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 689
  • Table 307: Nanomaterials application and product developers in composites………………………….. 689
  • Table 308: Market drivers for nanotechnology in construction, building protection and architectural coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 697
  • Table 309: Applications in insulation and heating, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.. 699
  • Table 310: Nanomaterials application developers in insulation and heating…………………………….. 699
  • Table 311: Applications in exterior coatings by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………. 700
  • Table 312: Nanomaterials application and product developers in exterior coatings…………………. 701
  • Table 313: Applications in smart windows by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………. 707
  • Table 314: Nanomaterials application and product developers in smart windows……………………. 708
  • Table 315: Applications in VOC mitigation and filtration by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 709
  • Table 316: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in VOC mitigation and filtration………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 709
  • Table 317: Applications in cement and concrete by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof….. 711
  • Table 318: Applications in self-healing construction materials by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 712
  • Table 319: Nanomaterials application and product developers self-healing construction materials…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 713
  • Table 320: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the construction, building protection and exterior coatings market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 717
  • Table 321: Market challenges for nanotechnology in construction……………………………………………. 719
  • Table 322: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the construction, building protection and architectural exterior coatings market…………………………………………….. 719
  • Table 323: Market drivers for nanotechnology in cosmetics and sunscreens…………………………… 723
  • Table 324: Applications in cosmetics and sunscreens, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 726
  • Table 325: Main titanium dioxide nanoparticles suppliers, products, primary particle size……….. 729
  • Table 326: Main zinc oxide nanoparticle suppliers, products, primary particle size………………….. 730
  • Table 327: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products and formulations incorporating nanoemulsions……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 731
  • Table 328: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating liposomes………….. 731
  • Table 329: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating niosomes…………… 732
  • Table 330: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN)………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 732
  • Table 331: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating nanostructured lipid carriers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 733
  • Table 332: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating nanocapsules & nanospheres……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 733
  • Table 333: Cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorporating fullerenes………….. 734
  • Table 334: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in sunscreens and cosmetics…. 734
  • Table 335: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the cosmetics and sun care market……………. 736
  • Table 336: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the cosmetics and sunscreens market……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 737
  • Table 337: Nanomaterials application and product developers in cosmetics and sunscreens market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 737
  • Table 338: Market drivers for nanotechnology in flexible electronics, conductive films and displays…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 743
  • Table 339: Applications in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………….. 749
  • Table 340: Commercially available quantum dot display products……………………………………………. 758
  • Table 341: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 760
  • Table 342: Market challenges for nanotechnology in flexible electronics, conductive films and displays………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 761
  • Table 343: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market………………………………………………………………. 763
  • Table 344: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays………………………………………………………………. 763
  • Table 345: Market drivers for nanotechnology in conductive inks…………………………………………….. 768
  • Table 346: Comparative properties of conductive inks……………………………………………………………… 769
  • Table 347: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………… 770
  • Table 348: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics…………………………………………….. 773
  • Table 349: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the conductive inks market…………………………. 774
  • Table 350: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the conductive inks market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 775
  • Table 351: Nanomaterials application and product developers in conductive inks……………………. 775
  • Table 352: Market drivers for nanotechnology in transistors, integrated circuits and other components………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 778
  • Table 353: Applications in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 780
  • Table 354: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in batteries……………………………… 781
  • Table 355: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 782
  • Table 356: Market challenges for nanotechnology in transistors, integrated circuits and other components………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 783
  • Table 357: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market……………………………………………………………….. 785
  • Table 358: Nanomaterials application and product developers in transistors, integrated circuits and other components……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 785
  • Table 359: Market drivers for nanotechnology in memory devices…………………………………………… 788
  • Table 360: Applications in memory devices, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………… 789
  • Table 361: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the memory devices market……………………….. 790
  • Table 362: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the memory devices market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 792
  • Table 363: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials product and application developers in memory devices……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 792
  • Table 364: Market drivers for nanotechnology in electronics coatings……………………………………… 794
  • Table 365: Nanocoatings applied in the consumer electronics industry……………………………………. 795
  • Table 366: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in electronics coatings……………. 797
  • Table 367: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the electronics coatings market………………….. 797
  • Table 368: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the electronics coatings market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 798
  • Table 369: Nanomaterials application and product developers in electronics coatings…………….. 799
  • Table 370: Market drivers for nanotechnology in photonics……………………………………………………… 802
  • Table 371: Applications in photonics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………… 802
  • Table 372: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators………………………….. 805
  • Table 373: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in photonics……………………………. 808
  • Table 374: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact……………………………………………………………. 809
  • Table 375: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 810
  • Table 376: Nanomaterials product and application developers in photonics…………………………….. 811
  • Table 377: Market drivers for nanotechnology in filtration and environmental remediation………. 816
  • Table 378: Types of filtration…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 818
  • Table 379: Applications in desalination and water filtration, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 820
  • Table 380: Applications in airborne filters, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………. 823
  • Table 381: Applications in gas separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………… 824
  • Table 382: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in filtration and environmental remediation…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 824
  • Table 383: Nanomaterials in the filtration and environmental remediation market……………………. 825
  • Table 384: Market challenges for nanotechnology in filtration………………………………………………….. 827
  • Table 385: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the filtration and environmental remediation market……………………………………………………………………………………… 827
  • Table 386: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in filtration and environmental remediation………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 828
  • Table 387: Market drivers for nanotechnology in food and agriculture……………………………………… 835
  • Table 388: Applications in food packaging, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………….. 838
  • Table 389: Applications in food coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………… 840
  • Table 390: Applications in food additives and supplements, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 841
  • Table 391: Applications in agricultural production, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.. 842
  • Table 392: Food packaging products incorporating nanomaterials…………………………………………… 844
  • Table 393: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the food and agriculture market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact………………………………………………. 845
  • Table 394: Market challenges for nanotechnology in food and agriculture……………………………….. 846
  • Table 395: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the food and agriculture market……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 847
  • Table 396: Nanomaterials application and product developers in food and agriculture……………. 847
  • Table 397: Market drivers for nanotechnology in fuel cells and hydrogen storage……………………. 853
  • Table 398: Applications in fuel cells, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………….. 856
  • Table 399: Applications hydrogen storage, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………….. 857
  • Table 400: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in fuel cells and hydrogen storage…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 858
  • Table 401: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market.. 858
  • Table 402: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 859
  • Table 403: Nanomaterials application and product developers in fuel cells and hydrogen storage…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 860
  • Table 404: Market drivers for nanotechnology in household care and sanitary………………………… 864
  • Table 405: Applications in anti-microbial coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.. 866
  • Table 406: Applications in anti-fingerprint nanocoatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 868
  • Table 407: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in household care and sanitary. 869
  • Table 408: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the household care and sanitary market…….. 869
  • Table 409: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the household care and sanitary market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 871
  • Table 410: Nanomaterials application and product developers in household care and sanitary.. 871
  • Table 411: Market drivers for nanotechnology in lighting and UVC………………………………………….. 877
  • Table 412: Applications in lighting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………….. 879
  • Table 413: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in batteries……………………………… 880
  • Table 414: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market………………………. 881
  • Table 415: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 881
  • Table 416: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application developers in lighting…………………… 882
  • Table 417: Market drivers for nanotechnology in lubricants……………………………………………………… 885
  • Table 418: Applications in lubricants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………… 886
  • Table 419: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in lubricants……………………………. 887
  • Table 420: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lubricants market………………………………….. 887
  • Table 421: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lubricants market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 888
  • Table 422: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in lubricants. 889
  • Table 423: Market drivers for nanotechnology in the marine market………………………………………… 891
  • Table 424: Nanocoatings applied in the marine industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized and benefits……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 893
  • Table 425: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the marine sector……………….. 894
  • Table 426: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the marine market………………………………………. 894
  • Table 427: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the marine market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 895
  • Table 428: Nanomaterials application developers in the marine industry…………………………………. 896
  • Table 429: Market drivers for nanotechnology in oil and gas exploration…………………………………. 900
  • Table 430: Applications in sensing and reservoir management, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 902
  • Table 431: Applications in oil & gas exploration coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 903
  • Table 432: Applications in oil & gas exploration drilling fluids, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 904
  • Table 433: Applications in oil & gas exploration sorbent materials, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 905
  • Table 434: Applications in separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………….. 906
  • Table 435: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in oil and gas exploration……….. 906
  • Table 436: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the oil and gas market………………………………… 907
  • Table 437: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the oil and gas exploration market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 908
  • Table 438: Nanomaterials application developers in oil & gas exploration……………………………….. 909
  • Table 439: Market drivers for nanotechnology in packaging…………………………………………………….. 913
  • Table 440: Applications in packaging, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………….. 916
  • Table 441: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in packaging…………………………… 918
  • Table 442: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in packaging…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 919
  • Table 443: Market oopportunity for nanotechnology in the packaging market………………………….. 921
  • Table 444: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the packaging market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 922
  • Table 445: Nanomaterials application developers in packaging……………………………………………….. 922
  • Table 446: Market drivers for nanotechnology in security and defence……………………………………. 928
  • Table 447: Applications in military textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………… 930
  • Table 448: Applications in military equipment, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……… 930
  • Table 449: Applications in anti-counterfeiting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………. 932
  • Table 450: Applications in security and defence sensors and detection, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 933
  • Table 451: Applications in ballistic protection, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………. 934
  • Table 452: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in security and defence………….. 934
  • Table 453: Nanomaterials in the security and defence market…………………………………………………. 935
  • Table 454: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the security and defence market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 937
  • Table 455: Nanomaterials application developers in security and defence………………………………. 937
  • Table 456: Market drivers for nanotechnology in sensors………………………………………………………… 943
  • Table 457: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors………………………………………….. 945
  • Table 458: Applications in strain sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………. 946
  • Table 459: Applications in strain sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………. 948
  • Table 460: Applications in biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………. 948
  • Table 461: Applications in food sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………… 950
  • Table 462: Applications in image sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………… 951
  • Table 463: Applications in infrared (IR) sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof….. 951
  • Table 464: Applications in optical sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………… 952
  • Table 465: Applications in pressure sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……….. 952
  • Table 466: Applications in humidity sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……….. 953
  • Table 467: Applications in acoustic sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………… 953
  • Table 468: Applications in wireless sensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………… 954
  • Table 469: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in sensors………………………………. 954
  • Table 470: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market…………………………………….. 955
  • Table 471: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 957
  • Table 472: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in sensors. 957
  • Table 473: Market drivers for nanotechnology in solar……………………………………………………………… 963
  • Table 474: Applications in solar, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………… 966
  • Table 475: Applications in solar water splitting, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……. 968
  • Table 476: Applications in solar coatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………….. 969
  • Table 477: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in solar……………………………………. 969
  • Table 478: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market…………………………………………. 971
  • Table 479: Market challenges for nanomaterials in solar………………………………………………………….. 973
  • Table 480: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market. 973
  • Table 481: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application developers in solar………………………. 973
  • Table 482: Market drivers for nanotechnology in supercapacitors……………………………………………. 978
  • Table 483: Applications in supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………. 978
  • Table 484: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in supercapacitors………………….. 979
  • Table 485: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the supercapacitors market………………………… 980
  • Table 486: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the supercapacitors market…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 982
  • Table 487: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application developers in supercapacitors……… 982
  • Table 488: Market drivers for nanotechnology in smart textiles and apparel…………………………….. 985
  • Table 489: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 989
  • Table 490: Applications in textiles, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………………….. 991
  • Table 491: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 993
  • Table 492: Nanomaterials in the smart textiles and apparel market…………………………………………. 998
  • Table 493: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the textiles and apparel market……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 999
  • Table 494: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in textiles. 1000
  • Table 495: Market drivers for nanotechnology in tolls & manufacturing………………………………….. 1005
  • Table 496: Applications in tools & manufacturing, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof. 1006
  • Table 497: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the tools and manufacturing market…………. 1008
  • Table 498: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the tools and manufacturing market……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1008
  • Table 499: Nanomaterials application developers in tools & manufacturing…………………………… 1009
  • Table 500: Market drivers for nanotechnology in 3D printing………………………………………………….. 1014
  • Table 501: Applications in 3D printing, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof……………….. 1015
  • Table 502: Market size for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in 3D printing………………………… 1016
  • Table 503: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the 3D printing market……………………………… 1016
  • Table 504: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the 3D printing market………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1017
  • Table 505: Nanomaterials application and product developers in 3D printing………………………… 1018
  • Table 506: Applications in catalysts, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………… 1021
  • Table 507: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in catalysts…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1022
  • Table 508: Nanomaterials application and product developers in cabling………………………………. 1023
  • Table 509: Nanomaterials application and product developers in sporting goods………………….. 1024
  • Table 510: Applications in wind energy nanocomposites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1028
  • Table 511: Applications in wind energy nanosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1029
  • Table 512: Applications in wind energy nanocoatings, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1029
  • Table 513: Nanomaterials application and product developers in wind energy………………………. 1029
  • Table 514: Applications in thermoelectrics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof………… 1031
  • Table 515: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials application and product developers in thermoelectrics…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1033

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Demand for nanomaterials (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………………………… 80
  • Figure 2: National Nanotechnology (NNI) funding, 2001-2017……………………………………………………. 90
  • Figure 3: Graphene-enabled bendable smartphone…………………………………………………………………… 96
  • Figure 4: Graphene coated solar panels in China………………………………………………………………………. 98
  • Figure 5: Nanotechnology patent applications, 1991-2017……………………………………………………….. 105
  • Figure 6: Share of nanotechnology related patent applications since 1972, by country……………. 106
  • Figure 7: Demand for aluminium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017…………………………………….. 111
  • Figure 8: Demand for aluminium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028…………………………………….. 112
  • Figure 9: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles…………………… 113
  • Figure 10: Demand of aluminium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………. 115
  • Figure 11: Demand for Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2017…………………………………… 116
  • Figure 12: Demand for Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2028…………………………………… 117
  • Figure 13: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017……………………………….. 125
  • Figure 14: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028……………………………….. 126
  • Figure 15: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles…………….. 127
  • Figure 16: Demand for antimony tin oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028…………………………….. 128
  • Figure 17: Demand of Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2017……………………………….. 129
  • Figure 18: Demand of Antimony Tin Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2028……………………………….. 129
  • Figure 19: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017………………………………………. 136
  • Figure 20: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles, by market 2027………………………………………. 136
  • Figure 21: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles…………………….. 137
  • Figure 22: Demand for bismuth oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………. 139
  • Figure 23: Demand for Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2017………………………………………. 140
  • Figure 24: Demand for Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2028………………………………………. 141
  • Figure 25: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model………… 149
  • Figure 26: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes…………………………………….. 153
  • Figure 27: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market 2017……………………………………………………… 154
  • Figure 28: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market 2028……………………………………………………… 155
  • Figure 29: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market 2017………………………………… 155
  • Figure 30: Demand for carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………………………… 159
  • Figure 31: Dmeand for Carbon Nanotubes by region 2017………………………………………………………. 160
  • Figure 32: Dmeand for Carbon Nanotubes by region 2028………………………………………………………. 160
  • Figure 33: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for cerium oxide nanoparticles………………………… 175
  • Figure 34: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017………………………………………… 176
  • Figure 35: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028………………………………………… 176
  • Figure 36: Demand for cerium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………… 178
  • Figure 37: Demand for Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2017……………………………………….. 179
  • Figure 38: Demand for Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2028……………………………………….. 180
  • Figure 39: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017…………………………………………. 185
  • Figure 40: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028…………………………………………. 186
  • Figure 41: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles……………………….. 187
  • Figure 42: Demand for cobalt oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………. 188
  • Figure 43: Demand for Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2017…………………………………………. 189
  • Figure 44: Demand for Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles by region 2028…………………………………………. 190
  • Figure 45: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by market, 2017……………………………………….. 196
  • Figure 46: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by market, 2028……………………………………….. 197
  • Figure 47: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for copper oxide nanoparticles………………………… 198
  • Figure 48: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………… 199
  • Figure 49: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by region, 2017…………………………………………. 200
  • Figure 50: Demand for copper oxide nanoparticles by region, 2028…………………………………………. 201
  • Figure 51: Dendrimer structure…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 205
  • Figure 52: Dendrimer schematic for application in biomedicine………………………………………………… 207
  • Figure 53: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for dendrimers…………………………………………………. 210
  • Figure 54: Demand for dendrimers by market, 2017………………………………………………………………… 211
  • Figure 55: Demand for dendrimers by market, 2028………………………………………………………………… 211
  • Figure 56: Demand for dendrimers (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………………………… 213
  • Figure 57: Demand for dendrimers by region 2017…………………………………………………………………… 214
  • Figure 58: Demand for dendrimers by region 2028…………………………………………………………………… 215
  • Figure 59: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for fullerenes…………………………………………………… 220
  • Figure 60: Demand for fullerenes, by market 2017…………………………………………………………………… 221
  • Figure 61: Demand for fullerenes, by market 2028…………………………………………………………………… 221
  • Figure 62: Demand for fullerenes (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………………………………… 223
  • Figure 63: Demand for fullerenes by region 2017…………………………………………………………………….. 224
  • Figure 64: Demand for fullerenes by region 2028…………………………………………………………………….. 225
  • Figure 65: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for gold nanoparticles……………………………………… 232
  • Figure 66: Demand for gold nanoparticles, by market 2017……………………………………………………… 233
  • Figure 67: Demand for gold nanoparticles, by market 2028……………………………………………………… 234
  • Figure 68: Demand for gold nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………………………… 235
  • Figure 69: Demand for gold nanoparticles by region 2017……………………………………………………….. 236
  • Figure 70: Demand for gold nanoparticles by region 2028……………………………………………………….. 237
  • Figure 71: Graphene layer structure schematic………………………………………………………………………… 243
  • Figure 72: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene……………………………………………………. 249
  • Figure 73: Demand for graphene, by market 2017…………………………………………………………………… 251
  • Figure 74: Demand for graphene, by market 2028…………………………………………………………………… 251
  • Figure 75: Demand for graphene 2010-2028 in tons/year………………………………………………………… 253
  • Figure 76: Production volumes of graphene by region 2017…………………………………………………….. 254
  • Figure 77: Production volumes of graphene by region 2028…………………………………………………….. 255
  • Figure 78: Graphene pricing 2017…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 256
  • Figure 79: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for iron oxide nanoparticles…………………………….. 276
  • Figure 80: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017…………………………………………….. 277
  • Figure 81: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028…………………………………………….. 278
  • Figure 82: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………….. 279
  • Figure 83: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles by region 2017………………………………………………. 280
  • Figure 84: Demand for iron oxide nanoparticles by region 2028………………………………………………. 281
  • Figure 85: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for magnesium oxide nanoparticles………………… 288
  • Figure 86: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017………………………………… 289
  • Figure 87: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028………………………………… 289
  • Figure 88: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………… 291
  • Figure 89: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles by region 2017………………………………….. 292
  • Figure 90: Demand for magnesium oxide nanoparticles by region 2028………………………………….. 292
  • Figure 91: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for manganese oxide nanoparticles………………… 298
  • Figure 92: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017………………………………… 299
  • Figure 93: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028………………………………… 300
  • Figure 94: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………… 301
  • Figure 95: Demand for manganese oxide nanoparticles by region…………………………………………… 302
  • Figure 96: Types of nanocellulose……………………………………………………………………………………………. 307
  • Figure 97: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanocellulose…………………………………………….. 314
  • Figure 98: Demand for nanocellulose, by market 2017…………………………………………………………….. 315
  • Figure 99: Demand for nanocellulose, by market 2028…………………………………………………………….. 316
  • Figure 100: Demand for nanocellulose (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………………………… 318
  • Figure 101: Demand for nanocellulose by region 2017…………………………………………………………….. 319
  • Figure 102: Demand for nanocellulose by region 2028…………………………………………………………….. 321
  • Figure 103: Nanoclays structure. The dimensions of a clay platelet are typically 200-1000 nm in lateral dimension and 1 nm thick………………………………………………………………………………………… 332
  • Figure 104: TEM of montmorillonite………………………………………………………………………………………….. 333
  • Figure 105:  TEM of halloysite nanotubes………………………………………………………………………………… 334
  • Figure 106: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanoclays………………………………………………… 336
  • Figure 107: Demand for nanoclays, by market 2017………………………………………………………………… 337
  • Figure 108: Demand for nanoclays, by market 2028………………………………………………………………… 338
  • Figure 109: Demand for nanoclays (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………………………… 339
  • Figure 110: Demand for nanoclays by region 2017………………………………………………………………….. 340
  • Figure 111: Demand for nanoclays by region 2028………………………………………………………………….. 341
  • Figure 112: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market 2017…………………………………………………………. 352
  • Figure 113: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market 2028…………………………………………………………. 353
  • Figure 114: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanodiamonds…………………………………………. 353
  • Figure 115: Demand for nanodiamonds, 2010-2028………………………………………………………………… 355
  • Figure 116: Demand for nanodiamonds by region……………………………………………………………………. 356
  • Figure 117: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanofibers………………………………………………… 361
  • Figure 118: Demand for nanofibers, by market………………………………………………………………………… 362
  • Figure 119: Production volumes of nanofibers (tons), 2010-2028…………………………………………….. 364
  • Figure 120: Demand for nanofibers by region…………………………………………………………………………… 365
  • Figure 121: Supply chain for nanosilver products…………………………………………………………………….. 372
  • Figure 122: Demand for nanosilver, by market 2017………………………………………………………………… 375
  • Figure 123: Demand for nanosilver, by market 2028………………………………………………………………… 376
  • Figure 124: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanosilver………………………………………………… 377
  • Figure 125: Demand for nanosilver (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………………………………… 378
  • Figure 126: Demand for nanosilver, by region 2017…………………………………………………………………. 379
  • Figure 127: Demand for nanosilver, by region 2028…………………………………………………………………. 379
  • Figure 128: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanowires………………………………………………… 386
  • Figure 129: Demand for nanowires, by market 2017………………………………………………………………… 387
  • Figure 130: Demand for nanowires, by market 2028………………………………………………………………… 388
  • Figure 131: Demand for nanowires, by region 2017…………………………………………………………………. 388
  • Figure 132: Demand for nanowires, by region 2028…………………………………………………………………. 389
  • Figure 133: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by market 2017…………………………………………………. 394
  • Figure 134: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by market 2028…………………………………………………. 394
  • Figure 135: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nickel nanoparticles…………………………………. 395
  • Figure 136: Demand for nickel nanoparticle (tons), 2010-2028………………………………………………… 396
  • Figure 137: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by region 2017………………………………………………….. 397
  • Figure 138: Demand for nickel nanoparticles, by region 2028………………………………………………….. 398
  • Figure 139: Quantum dot………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 401
  • Figure 140: The light-blue curve represents a typical spectrum from a conventional white-LED LCD TV. With quantum dots, the spectrum is tunable to any colours of red, green, and blue, and each Color is limited to a narrow band……………………………………………………………………………….. 402
  • Figure 141: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for quantum dots…………………………………………… 407
  • Figure 142: Demand for quantum dots, by market 2017…………………………………………………………… 409
  • Figure 143: Demand for quantum dots, by market 2028…………………………………………………………… 409
  • Figure 144: Total QD revenues 2013-2028 ($M), conservative and optimistic estimates…………. 410
  • Figure 145: Demand quantum dots by region 2017………………………………………………………………….. 412
  • Figure 146: Demand quantum dots by region 2028………………………………………………………………….. 413
  • Figure 147: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for silicon oxide nanoparticles……………………….. 422
  • Figure 148: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017………………………………………. 423
  • Figure 149: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028………………………………………. 424
  • Figure 150: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………. 425
  • Figure 151: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles by region 2017…………………………………………. 426
  • Figure 152: Demand for silicon oxide nanoparticles by region 2028…………………………………………. 427
  • Figure 153: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles………………….. 436
  • Figure 154: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by market 2017…………………………………. 437
  • Figure 155: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by market 2028…………………………………. 438
  • Figure 156: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles (tons), conservative and optimistic estimates 2010-2028…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 440
  • Figure 157: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by region 2017………………………………….. 441
  • Figure 158: Demand for titanium dioxide nanoparticles, by region 2028………………………………….. 442
  • Figure 159: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017………………………………………….. 452
  • Figure 160: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028………………………………………….. 453
  • Figure 161: Demand for zinc oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028……………………………………….. 454
  • Figure 162: Production volumes of zinc oxide nanoparticles, by region 2017…………………………… 455
  • Figure 163: Production volumes of zinc oxide nanoparticles, by region 2028…………………………… 456
  • Figure 164: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2017…………………………………. 467
  • Figure 165: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by market 2028…………………………………. 468
  • Figure 166: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles (tons), 2010-2028………………………………. 469
  • Figure 167: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by region 2017………………………………….. 470
  • Figure 168: Demand for zirconium oxide nanoparticles, by region 2028………………………………….. 471
  • Figure 169: Applications of yttrium oxide nanoparticles……………………………………………………………. 485
  • Figure 170: TEM image of carbon onion…………………………………………………………………………………… 487
  • Figure 171: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns…………………………………………………….. 488
  • Figure 172: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 489
  • Figure 173: Black phosphorus structure……………………………………………………………………………………. 490
  • Figure 174: Black Phosphorus crystal………………………………………………………………………………………. 491
  • Figure 175: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 493
  • Figure 176: Graphitic carbon nitride………………………………………………………………………………………….. 497
  • Figure 177: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology……………………………. 498
  • Figure 178: Schematic of germanene……………………………………………………………………………………….. 500
  • Figure 179: Graphdiyne structure……………………………………………………………………………………………… 502
  • Figure 180: Schematic of Graphane crystal……………………………………………………………………………… 505
  • Figure 181: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride……………………………………………………………………… 507
  • Figure 182: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide…………………………………………………………………… 511
  • Figure 183: SEM image of MoS2………………………………………………………………………………………………. 512
  • Figure 184: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide……………………………………………………… 515
  • Figure 185: Silicene structure…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 516
  • Figure 186: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate………………………………………………………. 517
  • Figure 187: Silicene transistor………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 518
  • Figure 188: Crystal structure for stanene………………………………………………………………………………….. 520
  • Figure 189: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)………………………………….. 521
  • Figure 190: Schematic of tungsten diselenide………………………………………………………………………….. 523
  • Figure 191: Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe)…………………………………………………………………….. 526
  • Figure 192: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in adhesives………………………………… 535
  • Figure 193: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in aerospace and aviation…………… 550
  • Figure 194: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in automotive………………………………. 571
  • Figure 195: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in batteries………………………………….. 589
  • Figure 196: Nanoparticles and their application in theranostics………………………………………………… 653
  • Figure 197: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in biomedicine and healthcare…….. 674
  • Figure 198: Global consumption of nanocomposites 2015-2027, by nanomaterials type, tons. Base year for estimates is 2015…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 687
  • Figure 199: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in composites………………………………. 697
  • Figure 200: Tokyo Station GranRoof. The titanium dioxide coating ensures long-lasting whiteness…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 717
  • Figure 201: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in construction, building protection and architecture…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 721
  • Figure 202: Global market segmentation for cosmetics, personal care and sunscreen products incorprating nanomaterials, by market sub-sector………………………………………………………………. 736
  • Figure 203: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in cosmetics and sunscreens………. 743
  • Figure 204: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018…………………………………………………. 753
  • Figure 205: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure  (Ksqm)……………………….. 754
  • Figure 206: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $)………………………………. 755
  • Figure 207: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, %……. 756
  • Figure 208: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, %……. 757
  • Figure 209: Global market for smart wearables (Millions US$)…………………………………………………. 758
  • Figure 210: QD-LCD supply chain……………………………………………………………………………………………. 760
  • Figure 211: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics……………………… 773
  • Figure 212: Hybrid graphene phototransistors………………………………………………………………………….. 807
  • Figure 213: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors…………………………. 807
  • Figure 214: Schematic of QD laser device……………………………………………………………………………….. 809
  • Figure 215: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in electronics……………………………….. 813
  • Figure 216: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in filtration and environmental remediation…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 834
  • Figure 217: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in food and agriculture………………… 852
  • Figure 218: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in fuel cells and hydrogen storage. 863
  • Figure 219: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in household care and sanitary…… 877
  • Figure 220: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in lighting…………………………………….. 885
  • Figure 221: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in lubricants…………………………………. 891
  • Figure 222: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in marine……………………………………… 899
  • Figure 223: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in oil and gas exploration…………….. 913
  • Figure 224: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in packaging………………………………… 927
  • Figure 225: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in security and defence……………….. 943
  • Figure 226: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in sensors……………………………………. 962
  • Figure 227: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in solar………………………………………… 978
  • Figure 228: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in supercapacitors………………………. 985
  • Figure 229: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in textiles and apparel……………….. 1005
  • Figure 230: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in tools and manufacturing………… 1014
  • Figure 231: Nanotechnology/nanomaterals based products in sporting goods………………………. 1026