The Global Market for Smart Coatings

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Published December 2017 | 256 pages | Table of contents

Smart coatings are coating systems that are capable of responding dynamically to external changes in their environment. These types of coatings elicit a sensory response to environmental stimuli such as changes in temperature or current and respond accordingly.

Although smart coatings are not new, the growing development of nanotechnology and advanced materials has opened new avenues for multi-functional coatings that sense and react to stress, pressure, corrosion, radiation and biological stimuli. The incorporation of multifunctional, smart nanofillers to polymer matrix results in a range of unique properties.

Examples of smart coatings include stimuli responsive, conductive, self-healing, and super hydrophobic systems. This report assesses the latest technical developments in the smart coatings market including:

Smart coating types analysis
The global smart coating market is segmented into self-healing coatings, electrochromic coatings, thermochromic coatings, hydrophobic coatings, superhydrophobic coatings, oleophobic and omniphobic coatings and piezoelectric coatings.

Smart coating producer competitive analysis
The key players in the global smart coating market are profiled including products and target markets.

Smart coating end user market analysis
The global smart coating end user application market is segmented into aerospace, automotive, construction, consumer electronics, marine, medical & healthcare, military & defence, packaging, textiles and apparel, energy, oil & gas.

This report will answer the following questions:

  • How large is the current market for smart coatings?
  • What is the status of these technology areas?
  • What is driving deployment of these coatings?
  • What are the potential market opportunities?
  • Who are developing these coatings and in what market?

Report contents include:

  • Stage of commercialization for smart coatings, from basic research to market entry.
  • Market drivers, trends and challenges, by end user markets.
    In-depth market assessment of opportunities for smart coatings including potential revenues, growth rates etc.
  • In-depth company profiles, including products, capacities, and commercial activities.
  • Detailed forecasts for key growth areas, opportunities and user demand.
  • Companies profiled in the report include Autonomic Materials, Covestro, SLIPS Technologies, Suprapolix BV, Battelle, Oceanit, Tesla Nanocoatings and many more.

Further information

If you have any questions about this report, please do not hesitate to contact our report team at info@futuremarketsinc.com or call +44 (0) 207 112 7500.

The Global Market for Smart Coatings
The Global Market for Smart Coatings
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………………. 23

  • 1.1    Need for high performance, multi-functional smart coatings…………………………………………… 23
  • 1.2    Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………………………. 24
    • 1.2.1     Performance advantage of smart coatings…………………………………………………………….. 24
    • 1.2.2     Protection AND detection……………………………………………………………………………………….. 25
    • 1.2.3     Increased demand for autonomous coatings for aggressive environments……………. 25
    • 1.2.4     Cost of corrosion……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 26
    • 1.2.5     Need for improved hygiene……………………………………………………………………………………. 27
    • 1.2.6     Sustainable and environmentally friendly coating systems and materials……………… 27
  • 1.3    Market size and opportunity for smart coatings………………………………………………………………. 28
    • 1.3.1     Total market revenues, 2015-2025………………………………………………………………………… 31
    • 1.3.2     Smart coatings revenues by markets, 2015-2025………………………………………………….. 32
    • 1.3.3     Market for smart coatings, by coatings type, 2016-2026………………………………………… 36
  • 1.4    Market and technical challenges…………………………………………………………………………………….. 37
    • 1.4.1     Durability………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37
    • 1.4.2     Dispersion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38
    • 1.4.3     Transparency…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 38
    • 1.4.4     Production, scalability and cost………………………………………………………………………………. 38

2    TYPES OF SMART COATINGS……………………………………………….. 39

  • 2.1    What are smart coatings?………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
  • 2.1.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
  • 2.1.2     Types of smart coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………. 40
  • 2.1.3     Main production and synthesis methods………………………………………………………………… 41
    • 2.1.3.1       Film coatings techniques……………………………………………………………………………….. 41
    • 2.1.3.2       Superhydrophobic coatings on substrates…………………………………………………….. 44
    • 2.1.3.3       Electrospray and electrospinning…………………………………………………………………… 45
    • 2.1.3.4       Chemical and electrochemical deposition……………………………………………………… 45
    • 2.1.3.5       Chemical vapor deposition (CVD)………………………………………………………………….. 46
    • 2.1.3.6       Physical vapor deposition (PVD)……………………………………………………………………. 47
    • 2.1.3.7       Atomic layer deposition (ALD)……………………………………………………………………….. 47
    • 2.1.3.8       Aerosol coating……………………………………………………………………………………………… 47
    • 2.1.3.9       Layer-by-layer Self-assembly (LBL)………………………………………………………………. 48
    • 2.1.3.10     Sol-gel process………………………………………………………………………………………………. 49
    • 2.1.3.11     Etching…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 49

3    ANTI-CORROSION SMART COATINGS…………………………………… 50

  • 3.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 50
  • 3.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55

4    ANTI-ICING SMART COATINGS……………………………………………… 56

  • 4.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
  • 4.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 57

5    ANTI-FOULING AND EASY-TO-CLEAN SMART COATINGS……… 61

  • 5.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 61
  • 5.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 62

6    ANTI-MICROBIAL SMART COATINGS…………………………………….. 63

  • 6.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 63
  • 6.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 65

7    ELECTROCHROMIC COATINGS…………………………………………….. 67

  • 7.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 67
  • 7.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 67

8    THERMOCHROMIC COATINGS……………………………………………… 68

  • 8.1    Properties……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
  • 8.2    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 68

9    HYDROPHOBIC COATINGS…………………………………………………… 69

  • 9.1    Hydrophilic coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70
  • 9.2    Self-cleaning…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70
    • 9.2.1     Properties………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 70
  • 9.3    Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71

10 SUPERHYDROPHOBIC COATINGS………………………………………… 72

  • 10.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 72
    • 10.1.1        Durability issues…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
    • 10.1.2        Nanocellulose…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 73

11 OLEOPHOBIC AND OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS………………………… 74

  • 11.1      Liquid-infused coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………. 74
  • 11.2      Covalent bonding……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 75
  • 11.3      Step-growth graft polymerization……………………………………………………………………………….. 75
  • 11.4      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 76

12 SELF-HEALING COATINGS……………………………………………………. 77

  • 12.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77
    • 12.1.1        Polyurethane clear coats……………………………………………………………………………………. 78
    • 12.1.2        Micro-/nanocapsules………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
    • 12.1.3        Microvascular networks……………………………………………………………………………………… 79
    • 12.1.4        Mechano-responsive polymers………………………………………………………………………….. 80
    • 12.1.5        Click polymerization…………………………………………………………………………………………… 80
    • 12.1.6        Carbon nanotubes……………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
    • 12.1.7        UV exposure………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 81
    • 12.1.8        Polyampholyte Hydrogels………………………………………………………………………………….. 81
  • 12.2      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 82

13 POLY(IONIC LIQUID) COATINGS……………………………………………. 84

  • 13.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 84
  • 13.2      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 84

14 METAL–ORGANIC FRAMEWORK (MOF) COATINGS……………….. 85

  • 14.1      Properties…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 85
  • 14.2      Applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 85

15 MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS, BY END USER MARKET……….. 86

  • 15.1      SMART COATINGS IN THE AEROSPACE INDUSTRY……………………………………………. 86
  • 15.1.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………….. 86
  • 15.1.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 88
  • 15.1.2.1     Smart thermal protection……………………………………………………………………………….. 90
  • 15.1.2.2     Smart icing prevention coatings…………………………………………………………………….. 90
  • 15.1.2.3     Smart conductive and anti-static coatings……………………………………………………… 90
  • 15.1.2.4     Smart corrosion-resistant coatings………………………………………………………………… 91
  • 15.1.2.5     Smart windows………………………………………………………………………………………………. 92
  • 15.1.2.6     Self-healing coatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 92
  • 15.1.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………… 92
  • 15.1.4        Companies…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94-104 (24 profiles)
  • 15.2      SMART COATINGS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY………………………………………… 104
  • 15.2.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 104
  • 15.2.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 106
  • 15.2.2.1     Smart windows and mirrors…………………………………………………………………………. 109
  • 15.2.2.2     Self-healing coatings……………………………………………………………………………………. 110
  • 15.2.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 111
  • 15.2.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 113-120 (17 profiles)
  • 15.3      SMART COATINGS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY……………………………………. 120
  • 15.3.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 120
  • 15.3.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 122
  • 15.3.2.1     Smart windows…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 123
  • 15.3.2.2     Anti-graffiti……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 127
  • 15.3.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 127
  • 15.3.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 130-142 (30 profiles)
  • 15.4      SMART COATINGS IN THE CONSUMER ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY…………………. 142
  • 15.4.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 142
  • 15.4.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 144
  • 15.4.2.1     Waterproof coatings…………………………………………………………………………………….. 144
  • 15.4.2.2     Conductive films………………………………………………………………………………………….. 145
  • 15.4.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 147
  • 15.4.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 148-156 (20 profiles)
  • 15.5      SMART COATINGS IN THE MARINE INDUSTRY………………………………………………….. 157
  • 15.5.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 157
  • 15.5.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 158
  • 15.5.2.1     Corrosion detection……………………………………………………………………………………… 159
  • 15.5.2.2     Self-healing………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 159
  • 15.5.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 159
  • 15.5.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 161-167 (16 profiles)
  • 15.6      SMART COATINGS IN THE MEDICAL & HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY……………………. 168
  • 15.6.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 168
  • 15.6.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 169
  • 15.6.2.1     Flexible/stretchable health monitors…………………………………………………………….. 171
  • 15.6.2.2     Patch type skin sensors……………………………………………………………………………….. 172
  • 15.6.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 174
  • 15.6.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 178-189 (28 profiles)
  • 15.7      SMART COATINGS IN THE MILITARY AND DEFENCE INDUSTRY……………………… 190
  • 15.7.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 190
  • 15.7.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 191
  • 15.7.2.1     Textiles………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 191
  • 15.7.2.2     Military equipment……………………………………………………………………………………….. 191
  • 15.7.2.3     Chemical and biological protection………………………………………………………………. 191
  • 15.7.2.4     Decontamination………………………………………………………………………………………….. 191
  • 15.7.2.5     Thermal barrier……………………………………………………………………………………………. 192
  • 15.7.2.6     EMI/ESD Shielding………………………………………………………………………………………. 192
  • 15.7.2.7     Anti-reflection………………………………………………………………………………………………. 192
  • 15.7.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 193
  • 15.7.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 195-200 (12 profiles)
  • 15.8      SMART COATINGS IN THE TEXTILES AND APPAREL INDUSTRY……………………… 200
  • 15.8.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 200
  • 15.8.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 202
  • 15.8.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 208
  • 15.8.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 210-225 (35 profiles)
  • 15.9      SMART COATINGS IN THE ENERGY INDUSTRY…………………………………………………. 225
  • 15.9.1        Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 226
  • 15.9.2        Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 227
  • 15.9.2.1     Wind energy………………………………………………………………………………………………… 227
  • 15.9.2.2     Solar…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 227
  • 15.9.3        Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 228
  • 15.9.4        Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 230-234 (13 company profiles)
  • 15.10    SMART COATINGS IN  THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY………………………………………… 235
  • 15.10.1      Market drivers and trends………………………………………………………………………………… 235
  • 15.10.2      Applications……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 237
  • 15.10.3      Smart coatings opportunity………………………………………………………………………………. 239
  • 15.10.4      Companies………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 241-246 (15 company profiles)

16 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………….. 248

TABLES

  • Table 1: Properties of smart coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………. 23
  • Table 2: Markets for smart coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………. 28
  • Table 3: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, by markets, USD. Conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33
  • Table 4: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, by markets, USD. High estimate…. 35
  • Table 5: Market for smart coatings, by coatings type, 2016-2026, USD, conservative estimate…. 36
  • Table 6: Disadvantages of commonly utilized superhydrophobic coating methods…………………….. 38
  • Table 7: Technology for synthesizing nanocoatings agents……………………………………………………….. 41
  • Table 8: Film coatings techniques………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41
  • Table 9: Anti-corrosion smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 50
  • Table 10: Anti-corrosion smart coatings markets and applications……………………………………………… 55
  • Table 11: Anti-icing smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties, applications. 56
  • Table 12: Anti-icing smart coatings-Markets and applications…………………………………………………….. 60
  • Table 13: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 61
  • Table 14: Anti-fouling and easy-to-clean smart coatings markets and applications……………………. 62
  • Table 15: Anti-microbial smart coatings-Advanced materials used, principles, properties and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 63
  • Table 16: Anti-microbial nanocoatings markets and applications……………………………………………….. 66
  • Table 17: Electrochromic smart coatings markets and applications……………………………………………. 67
  • Table 18: Thermochromic smart coatings markets and applications………………………………………….. 68
  • Table 19: Contact angles of hydrophilic, super hydrophilic, hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70
  • Table 20: Superhydrophobic coatings-Markets and applications………………………………………………… 71
  • Table 21: Applications of oleophobic & omniphobic coatings……………………………………………………… 76
  • Table 22: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing polyurethane clear coats…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
  • Table 23: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing micro-/nanocapsules………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 78
  • Table 24: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing microvascular networks……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79
  • Table 25: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing mechano-responsive polymers……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 80
  • Table 26: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing Click Polymerization………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 80
  • Table 27: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for self-healing carbon nanotubes. 81
  • Table 28: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for UV exposure self-healing coatings………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81
  • Table 29: Properties, markets and stage of commercialization for Polyampholyte Hydrogels……. 81
  • Table 30: Self-healing coatings producers and product developers……………………………………………. 83
  • Table 31: Applications of poly (ionic liquid) coatings…………………………………………………………………… 84
  • Table 32: Applications of MOF coatings……………………………………………………………………………………… 85
  • Table 33: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the aerospace industry……………………… 86
  • Table 34: Types of smart coatings utilized in aerospace and application……………………………………. 89
  • Table 35: Market size for smart coatings in aerospace………………………………………………………………. 92
  • Table 36: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the automotive industry………………….. 104
  • Table 37: Smart coatings applied in the automotive industry……………………………………………………. 106
  • Table 38: Technologies for smart windows and mirrors in automobiles……………………………………. 109
  • Table 39: Market size for smart coatings in automotive……………………………………………………………. 111
  • Table 40: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the construction industry………………… 120
  • Table 41:Smart coatings applied in the construction industry…………………………………………………… 122
  • Table 42: Technologies for smart windows in buildings……………………………………………………………. 125
  • Table 43: Market size for smart coatings in the construction industry………………………………………. 127
  • Table 44: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the consumer electronics industry….. 143
  • Table 45: Smart coatings applied in the consumer electronics industry……………………………………. 145
  • Table 46: Market size for smart coatings in electronics…………………………………………………………….. 147
  • Table 47: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the marine industry…………………………. 157
  • Table 48: Smart coatings applied in the marine industry………………………………………………………….. 158
  • Table 49: Market size for smart coatings in the marine industry……………………………………………….. 159
  • Table 50: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry.. 168
  • Table 51: Smart coatngs applied in the medical industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 170
  • Table 52: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by smart materials type and benefits thereof…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 171
  • Table 53: Market size for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry……………………… 176
  • Table 54: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the military and defence industry……. 190
  • Table 55: Market size for smart coatings in the military and defence industry………………………….. 193
  • Table 56: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry…….. 200
  • Table 57: Smart coatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, materials utilized, benefits and applications………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 203
  • Table 58: Smart clothing and apparel and stage of development…………………………………………….. 207
  • Table 59: Market size for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry…………………………… 208
  • Table 60: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the energy industry…………………………. 226
  • Table 61: Market size for smart coatings in the energy industry……………………………………………….. 228
  • Table 62: Market drivers and trends for smart coatings in the oil and gas industry…………………… 235
  • Table 63: Smart coatings in the oil and gas industry………………………………………………………………… 237
  • Table 64: Market size for smart coatings in the oil and gas industry…………………………………………. 239

FIGURES

  • Figure 1: Micro/nano capsules incorporated within a coating matrix…………………………………………… 25
  • Figure 2: Schematic of the blistering and delamination mechanism……………………………………………. 26
  • Figure 3: Total market revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, USD. Conservative and high estimates………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
  • Figure 4: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, by markets, USD. Conservative estimate………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33
  • Figure 5: Estimated revenues for smart coatings, 2015-2025, by markets, USD. High estimate… 35
  • Figure 6: Markets for smart coatings 2015, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 36
  • Figure 7: Markets for smart coatings 2025, %…………………………………………………………………………….. 36
  • Figure 8: Techniques for constructing superhydrophobic coatings on substrates………………………. 44
  • Figure 9: Electrospray deposition……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
  • Figure 10: CVD technique…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 46
  • Figure 11: SEM images of different layers of TiO2 nanoparticles in steel surface………………………. 48
  • Figure 12: Nanovate CoP coating………………………………………………………………………………………………. 53
  • Figure 13:  2000 hour salt fog results for Teslan nanocoatings………………………………………………….. 53
  • Figure 14: AnCatt proprietary polyaniline nanodispersion and coating structure………………………… 54
  • Figure 15: Schematic of anti-corrosion via superhydrophobic surface………………………………………… 54
  • Figure 16: Carbon nanotube based anti-icing/de-icing device…………………………………………………….. 57
  • Figure 17: Nanocoated surface in comparison to existing surfaces……………………………………………. 58
  • Figure 18: CNT anti-icing nanocoating……………………………………………………………………………………….. 59
  • Figure 19: NANOMYTE® SuperAi, a Durable Anti-ice Coating…………………………………………………… 59
  • Figure 20: Metal strip coated with thermochromic nanoparticles………………………………………………… 68
  • Figure 21: (a) Water drops on a lotus leaf…………………………………………………………………………………… 69
  • Figure 22: A schematic of (a) water droplet on normal hydrophobic surface with contact angle greater than 90° and (b) water droplet on a superhydrophobic surface with a contact angle > 150°………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
  • Figure 23: Contact angle on superhydrophobic coated surface………………………………………………….. 72
  • Figure 24: Self-cleaning nanocellulose dishware………………………………………………………………………… 73
  • Figure 25: SLIPS repellent coatings……………………………………………………………………………………………. 75
  • Figure 26: Omniphobic coatings…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 77
  • Figure 27: Microspheres incorporating self-healing materials…………………………………………………….. 82
  • Figure 28: Flow of self-healing materials into the crack site……………………………………………………….. 83
  • Figure 29: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in aerospace………………………………….. 93
  • Figure 30: Revenues for smart coatings in aerospace 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94
  • Figure 31: Nissan Scratch Shield……………………………………………………………………………………………… 111
  • Figure 32: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in the automotive sector………………. 112
  • Figure 33: Revenues for smart coatings in automotive 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 113
  • Figure 34: SPD smart windows schematic……………………………………………………………………………….. 124
  • Figure 35: Vertical insulated glass unit for a Suntuitive® thermochromic window…………………….. 124
  • Figure 36: Nanocrystal smart glass that can switch between fully transparent, heat-blocking, and light-and-heat-blocking modes……………………………………………………………………………………………. 125
  • Figure 37: Potential addressable market fpr smart coatings in the construction industry………….. 129
  • Figure 38: Revenues for smart coatings in construction and exterior protection 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 130
  • Figure 39: Nanocoating submerged in water……………………………………………………………………………. 144
  • Figure 40: Phone coated in WaterBlock submerged in water tank……………………………………………. 145
  • Figure 41: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in electronics……………………………….. 147
  • Figure 42: Revenues for smart coatings in consumer electronics 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 148
  • Figure 43: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in the marine industry………………….. 160
  • Figure 44: Revenues for smart coatings in the marine industry 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 161
  • Figure 45: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 173
  • Figure 46: Graphene medical patch………………………………………………………………………………………….. 174
  • Figure 47: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor…………………………………………………………………. 175
  • Figure 48: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in medical & healthcare……………….. 177
  • Figure 49: Revenues for smart coatings in the medical and healthcare industry 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 178
  • Figure 50: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in military and defence………………… 194
  • Figure 51: Revenues for smart coatings in the military industry 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 195
  • Figure 52: Omniphobic-coated fabric………………………………………………………………………………………… 203
  • Figure 53: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in textiles and apparel…………………. 210
  • Figure 54: Revenues for smart coatings in the textiles and apparel industry 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………………… 210
  • Figure 55: Self-Cleaning Hydrophobic Coatings on solar panels……………………………………………… 228
  • Figure 56: Potential addressable market for smart coatings in energy……………………………………… 229
  • Figure 57: Revenues for smart coatings in the energy industry (inc. oil and gas) 2015-2025, high and conservative estimates, USD……………………………………………………………………………………….. 230
  • Figure 58: Oil-Repellent self-healing oatings…………………………………………………………………………….. 239
  • Figure 59: Potential addressable market for smart coatings oil and gas exploration………………… 241